Sökning: "ought"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 325 avhandlingar innehållade ordet ought.

  1. 1. Guiding Concepts : Essays on Normative Concepts, Knowledge, and Deliberation

    Författare :Olle Risberg; Erik Carlson; Andrew Reisner; Wlodek Rabinowicz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; action-guidance; adherence; all things considered ought; alternative normative concepts; conceptual engineering; debunking; deliberation; disagreement; epistemic pluralism; epistemology; ethics; external world skepticism; idealization; metaethics; meta-skepticism; moral skepticism; normativity; ought; reasons; response-dependence; uncertainty; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis addresses a range of questions about normativity, broadly understood. Recurring themes include (i) the idea of normative ‘action-guidance’, and the connection between normativity and motivational states, (ii) the possibility of normative knowledge and its role in deliberation, and (iii) the question of whether (and if so, how) normative concepts can themselves be evaluated. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On Free Will as Categorical and Conditional Freedom

    Författare :Peter Ryman; Erik Carlson; Michael Zimmerman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Free Will; Existence of Free Will; Moral Responsibility; Autonomy; Can; Could; Ought; Categorical Freedom; Agent Causation; Conditional Freedom; Conditional Analysis; Infinite Regress Argument; Ability and Opportunity; Consequence Argument; Mind Argument; Peter van Inwagen; Harry Frank-furt; David Lewis; Robert Kane; Galen Strawson; Erik Carlson; Keith Lehrer; Krister Segerberg; Counterfactuals; Supplementers; Laws of Nature; Causally Complete; Physicalism; Closure of Physics; Supervenience.; Praktisk filosofi; Practical Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation is about a complex of problems, related to the question: ‘Can we ever act differently from how we in fact act?’In Part I, the meaning of ‘can’ and ‘could’ is discussed. It is argued that when we say that an agent could do something he didn’t do (in a sense of ‘could’ involving control), this means, in what is called ‘Decision-Contexts’, that he was conditionally free to do it, and, in what is called ‘Strong-Autonomy-Contexts’, that he was categorically free to do it. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Why Grundnorm? A Treatise on the Implications of Kelsen's Doctrine

    Författare :Uta Bindreiter; Juridiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; recognition; Pure Theory; presupposition; precedence; norm hierarchy; norm conflict; membership; legal ‘ought’ ; Grundnorm; direct applicability; Basic norm; bindingness; validity.; Philosophy of law; theory of law; Rättsfilosofi; rättsteori;

    Sammanfattning : The treatise is concerned with the source-—the “Grund”--of the bindingness of law. I contend, first, that the “presupposition” of the basic norm, on a certain reading of Kelsen’s doctrine, can be understood as constituting a normative source of positive law, and, secondly, that this reading of Kelsen admits of addressing the issue of the (formal) legitimacy of supra-national and “directly applicable” rules and other norms. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Extensions of Deontic Logic : An Investigation into some Multi-Modal Systems

    Författare :Daniel Rönnedal; Paul Needham; Lennart Åqvist; Allard Tamminga; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Deontic logic; Modal logic; Dyadic deontic logic; Semantic tableau; Conditional obligation; Commitment; Counterfactuals; Multi-modal logic; Bimodal logic; Temporal logic; T x W logic; Ought-implies-can; The means-end principle; Theoretical Philosophy; teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : Deontic logic is a branch of logic that deals with normative concepts, propositions, arguments and systems. The main purpose of this compilation thesis is to investigate how deontic logic can be extended in a number of ways. We consider several multimodal systems, i.e. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Ethics Beyond Finitude : Responsibility towards Future Generations and Nuclear Waste Management

    Författare :Lars Löfquist; Carl-Henric Grenholm; Robert Heeger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Ethics; Future generations; Nuclear waste; Ethics; Applied ethics; Narrative theory; Self-transcendence; Moral status; Equal opportunities; Etik; Etik; Ethics;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation has three aims: 1. To evaluate several ethical theories about responsibility towards future generations. 2. To construct a theory about responsibility towards future generations. LÄS MER