Sökning: "osteoarthritis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 167 avhandlingar innehållade ordet osteoarthritis.

  1. 1. Proteomics of the human meniscus in health and osteoarthritis

    Författare :Elin Folkesson; Reumatologi och molekylär skelettbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Osteoarthritis; Knee; OSTEOARTHRITIS; Knee; Meniscus; PROTEOMICS; microstructure; articular cartilage;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of knee pain, and the most common form ofarthritis. It causes pain and disability, and there is currently no cure. Recent research in knee OA highlights therole of the meniscus in OA pathology. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Osteoarthritis. Epidemiologic and genetic aspects

    Författare :Jonas Franklin; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; body mass index; knee; hip; epidemiology; Osteoarthritis; occupation; hip fracture; inheritance; natural history;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this study was to (I) assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) due to osteoarthritis (OA), (II) assess the association between the mechanical load of work and THR and TKR due to OA, (III) evaluate the natural history of radiographic hip OA with regards to THR and hip fracture, (IV) to determine the prevalence of radiographic OA in patients with hip fracture, and (V) to examine and compare the inheritance patterns of THR for OA and hip fracture. OA was previously regarded as a consequence of the wear and tear the joint is subjected to during one’s lifetime. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Aggrecan fragments as biomarkers in osteoarthritis

    Författare :Staffan Larsson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; protease; Aggrecan; osteoarthritis; proteoglycan; knee injury; biomarker; aggrecanase;

    Sammanfattning : Background: In osteoarthritis (OA) the balance of cartilage matrix synthesis and degradation is disturbed, resulting in a gradual destruction of the articular cartilage. Matrix components released into body fluids by proteolytic cleavage can be used as biomarkers of ongoing processes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Meniscal Tear - A Feature of Osteoarthritis

    Författare :Martin Englund; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatologi; ortopedi; Kirurgi; traumatology; orthopaedics; Surgery; symptoms; risk factors; radiography; osteoarthritis; meniscectomy; Epidemiology; knee injury;

    Sammanfattning : Meniscectomy is recognized as an important risk factor for the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA), a disease that traditionally has been considered as a simple "wear and tear" phenomenon. However, despite numerous reports, little evidence has been presented that a limited meniscal resection, compared with a more extensive resection, reduces the risk of OA by preserving meniscal function. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Sick leave in osteoarthritis and other muskuloskeletal disorders

    Författare :Jenny Hubertsson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Osteoarthritis; Musculoskeletal disorders; Sick leave; Disability pension; Occupation;

    Sammanfattning : Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of pain and disability in the musculoskeletal system. Even though the prevalence of OA increases rapidly with age, OA also impacts the working age population. LÄS MER