Sökning: "orphan sources"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 6 avhandlingar innehållade orden orphan sources.

  1. 1. Orphan source detection in mobile gamma-ray spectrometry - Improved techniques for background assessment

    Författare :Peder Kock; Malmö Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gamma spectrometry; airborne; car-borne; radioactive; orphan sources; hypothesis testing; background radiation;

    Sammanfattning : Hazardous radioactive sources out of regulatory control are referred to as orphan sources. Focussing on gamma-emitting orphan sources, this thesis describes methods that can be used in mobile gamma-ray spectrometry to perform real-time discrimination between an actual source signal and the signal due to the natural radiation background. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On-line Mobile in situ Gamma Spectrometry

    Författare :Thomas Hjerpe; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiobiologi; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; radiation protection.; 137Cs; peak-to-valley method; depth distribution; orphan source search; orphan sources; emergency preparedness; mobile gamma spectrometry; nuclear accidents; Nuclear medicine; radiobiology; Nukleärmedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Mobile in situ gamma spectrometry is an important instrument in the emergency preparedness for nuclear accidents. This work contributes through the development of strategies and analysis methods for two applications: an on-line search for gamma-emitting orphan sources and on-line estimation of the depth distribution of 137Cs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Radiation Detection Techniques for the Enhancement of Nuclear Safety

    Författare :Petty Bernitt Cartemo; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; whole body counting; depth profiling; voxel phantom; nuclear safeguards; Monte Carlo; orphan sources; radiation-induced material damage; pulsed beam; positron lifetime;

    Sammanfattning : The hazard originating from the use of nuclear materials in various areas of the society necessitates a number of experimental techniques for controlling and increasing the safety connected to radioactive substances.The following thesis is divided into two parts, representing different aspects to the detection of radiation effects. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Assessment of mobile radiometry data in radiological emergencies using Bayesian statistical methods

    Författare :Antanas Bukartas; Malmö Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mobile gamma spectrometry; Gamma spectrometry; Orphan source; lost source; Ionizing radiation; Bayesian; Activity; position; activity density; reconstruction; UAV; car-borne;

    Sammanfattning : Nuclear technology and the use of radiation sources have been extensively adopted in the modern world. Despite that, a number of radiological accidents, significantly affecting population and the environment, has happened. Few of the most known are accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear power plants. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Neuronal Networks of Movement : Slc10a4 as a Modulator & Dmrt3 as a Gait-keeper

    Författare :Martin Larhammar; Klas Kullander; Leif Andersson; Åsa Wallén-Mackenzie; Robert Fyffe; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Synaptic vesicle transporter; Neuromodulation; Dopamine; Central Pattern Generator; Locomotion; Gait; Horse; Mouse; Commissural Inhibitory Interneuron; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Nerve cells are organized into complex networks that comprise the building blocks of our nervous system. Neurons communicate by transmitting messenger molecules released from synaptic vesicles. Alterations in neuronal circuitry and synaptic signaling contribute to a wide range of neurological conditions, often with consequences for movement. LÄS MER