Sökning: "optical lattices"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 19 avhandlingar innehållade orden optical lattices.

  1. 1. Atomic transport in optical lattices

    Författare :Henning Hagman; Claude Dion; Daniel Comparat; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Ultra-cold atoms; optical lattice; laser cooling; directed transport; Brownian motor; Brownian motion;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis includes both experimental and theoretical investigations of fluctuation-induced transport phenomena, presented in a series of nine papers, by studies of the dynamics of cold atoms in dissipative optical lattices. With standard laser cooling techniques about 108 cesium atoms are accumulated, cooled to a few μK, and transferred into a dissipative optical lattice. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ultracold atoms in optical potentials : from noise-induced transport to superfluidity

    Författare :Martin Zelan; Claude Dion; Sile Nic Chormaic; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Brownian motors; noise-induced transport; superfluidity; ultracold atoms; optical potentials; optical lattices; laser coooling; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, both experimental studies and numerical simulations of ultracold atoms in optical potentials are presented in a collection of nine scientific papers. In particular, noise-induced transport in dissipative optical lattices and superfluid properties of Bose-Einstein condensates have been studied. LÄS MER

  3. 3. A quantum for a quantum : Quantum simulators in exotic lattices

    Författare :Pil Maria Saugmann; Jonas Larson; André Eckardt; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum physics; condensed matter physics; quantum optics; optical lattices. Fock state lattices; exotic lattices; frustration; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis centers on how to use exotic lattices in different ways to design potential quantum simulators. These exotic lattices are either real physical objects in the form of ultra cold atoms in  bipartite optical lattice systems or lattice models revealed in state space. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Gaps, Traps and Lattices - Correlations in Small Quantum Systems

    Författare :Magnus Borgh; Matematisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; Cold atoms; Quantum dots; Optical lattices; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Exact diagonalization; Density Functional Theory; Vortices; relativity; quantum mechanics; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; statistical physics; Condensed matter:electronic structure; gravitation; supraledare; magnetisk resonans; electrical; magnetic and optical properties; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spektroskopi; Fysicumarkivet A:2007:Borgh;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation investigates properties of two-dimensional many-body systems. Studies are performed using the Spin-Density Functional Theory with the Local Spin-Density Approximation, and numerical exact diagonalization. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Multi-species systems in optical lattices : From orbital physics in excited bands to effects of disorder

    Författare :Fernanda Pinheiro; Jonas Larsson; Jani-Petri Martikainen; Ehud Altman; Stockholms universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis we explore different aspects of the physics of multi-species atomic systems in optical lattices. In the first part we will study cold gases in the first and second excited bands of optical lattices - the p and d bands. LÄS MER