Sökning: "occupant model"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 33 avhandlingar innehållade orden occupant model.

  1. 1. Pre-Crash and In-Crash Car Occupant Safety Assessment

    Författare :Alexandros Leledakis; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Crash Configurations; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems ADAS ; Human Body Model; Crashworthiness; Intersection crashes; Occupant postures; Real-world safety;

    Sammanfattning : Tens of millions are annually injured in Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) worldwide, while the estimated number of RTA fatalities amounted to 1.35 million in 2016. In Europe, car occupants hold the largest share (48%) of fatalities among all road users. The high fatality and injury numbers motivate the work of enhancing road traffic safety. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The reinforcement learning method : A feasible and sustainable control strategy for efficient occupant-centred building operation in smart cities

    Författare :Ross May; Kenneth Carling; Mengjie Han; Pascal Rebreyend; Zoltan Nagy; Högskolan Dalarna; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Markov decision processes; Reinforcement learning; Control; Building; Indoor comfort; Occupant; Complex Systems – Microdata Analysis; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys; Mikrodataanalys; Microdata Analysis;

    Sammanfattning : Over half of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a trend which is expected to only grow as we move further into the future. With this increasing trend in urbanisation, challenges are presented in the form of the management of urban infrastructure systems. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Addressing Female Whiplash Injury Protection - A Step Towards 50th Percentile Female Rear Impact Occupant Models

    Författare :Anna K Carlsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; anthropometry; dynamic response; head restraint; dummy; volunteers; whiplash; female; crash test; rear impact; neck injury; occupant model;

    Sammanfattning : Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) – commonly denoted whiplash injury – to vehicle occupants involved in collisions, is of worldwide concern. These injuries occur at relatively low velocity changes, typically between 10–25 km/h, and in all impact directions. Rear impacts are, however, the most common in the accident statistics. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Does spinal alignment influence car occupant responses? -The influence of variation in whole spinal alignment patterns on vertebral kinematics under rear impact conditions-

    Författare :Fusako Sato Sakayachi; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; neck injury; rear impact; whiplash; occupant; female; cervical vertebral kinematics; MRI; Multi-Dimensional Scaling; automotive seated posture; spinal alignment;

    Sammanfattning : The susceptibility of women to Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs) has been the focus of numerous epidemiologic studies. Summarising the epidemiologic WAD studies, women were found to be subject to up to three times higher risk of sustaining WADs than men. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Car-To-Car Side Impacts: Development and Validation of Mathematical Models and their Usability for Protective System Design

    Författare :Bengt Pipkorn; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :dummy; injury criteria; padding; mathematical simulations; barrier; side impact; car; occupant; airbag;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of the present work was to develop and use mathematical models to establish principles for protective systems for occupants in car-to-car side impacts. The efforts in this work have concentrated on the protection of the thorax and abdomen since these body parts are most frequently injured in side impacts. LÄS MER