Sökning: "occupant kinematics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden occupant kinematics.

  1. 1. Does spinal alignment influence car occupant responses? -The influence of variation in whole spinal alignment patterns on vertebral kinematics under rear impact conditions-

    Författare :Fusako Sato Sakayachi; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; neck injury; rear impact; whiplash; occupant; female; cervical vertebral kinematics; MRI; Multi-Dimensional Scaling; automotive seated posture; spinal alignment;

    Sammanfattning : The susceptibility of women to Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs) has been the focus of numerous epidemiologic studies. Summarising the epidemiologic WAD studies, women were found to be subject to up to three times higher risk of sustaining WADs than men. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Contribution of Vehicle, Occupant and Other Factors to the Risk of Injury as a Result of Vehicle Rollover

    Författare :Stephen Ridella; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Intrusion; Kinematics; Injury Causation; Roof Inversions.; Rollover; CIREN; NASS-CDS; Restraints;

    Sammanfattning : Injuries and deaths as a result of vehicle rollover have been declining in recent years like other crash modes, but it still remains a consistently large contributor of the overall crash fatalities in the United States. Also, more new vehicles are becoming equipped with electronic stability control and are subject to new regulations that call for increased roof strength and countermeasures to prevent ejection during rollover crashes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Volunteer Kinematics and Muscle Activity in Dynamic Events Representative of Pre-crash Scenarios, Evaluation Data for Human Body Models

    Författare :Ghazaleh Ghaffari; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; EMG; volunteer; evasive manoeuvres; human body model; validation data; occupant kinematics; pre‐pretensioner belt; lane change; boundary conditions;

    Sammanfattning : Advanced integrated safety technologies in modern cars such as collision avoidance intervention and pre-crash activated restraint systems involve comprehensive research on how vehicle occupants respond to these systems in pre-crash situations. Human Body Models (HBMs) are mathematical tools developed to predict human responses and injury outcomes in different pre-crash and in-crash situations. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Pre-Crash and In-Crash Car Occupant Safety Assessment

    Författare :Alexandros Leledakis; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Crash Configurations; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems ADAS ; Human Body Model; Crashworthiness; Intersection crashes; Occupant postures; Real-world safety;

    Sammanfattning : Tens of millions are annually injured in Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) worldwide, while the estimated number of RTA fatalities amounted to 1.35 million in 2016. In Europe, car occupants hold the largest share (48%) of fatalities among all road users. The high fatality and injury numbers motivate the work of enhancing road traffic safety. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Evaluation of Shoulder-Complex Motion in Frontal and Oblique Impact Loadings - A Comparison between Frontal Impact Dummies and the Human Body

    Författare :Fredrik Törnvall; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :Sled tests; Cadaver; Volunteers; Kinematics; Hybrid III; Static loading; Shoulder range-of-motion; Offset frontal collision; THOR; Shoulder; Biofidelity; Oblique frontal collision; Crash test dummy; Post Mortem Human Subjects PMHS ;

    Sammanfattning : Offset and angled frontal impacts represent a crash type that is more common than full-frontal collisions. Several studies have shown that over 70% of all frontal impacts are offset or oblique. LÄS MER