Sökning: "normal microbiota"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 27 avhandlingar innehållade orden normal microbiota.

  1. 1. Lactobacilli in the normal microbiota and probiotic effects of Lactobacillus plantarum

    Författare :Elisabeth Lönnermark; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2010]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; lactobacillus; oral microbiota; gut microbiota; infants; adults; secretory IgA; IgA-deficiency; adherence; Lactobacillus plantarum; probiotics; antibiotics; salmonellosis; diarrhoea;

    Sammanfattning : Lactobacilli colonise most adult individuals and are also frequently used as probiotics, i.e. bacteria which possibly have health promoting effects when ingested. In this thesis, the intestinal Lactobacillus microbiota was studied in longitudinally followed infants. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Human intestinal epithelial cells in innate immunity interactions with normal microbiota and pathogenic bacteria

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Gangwei Ou; Umeå universitet.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Immunology; immunologi; Immunology;

    Sammanfattning : Rod-shaped bacteria were previously shown to be associated with the small intestinal epithelium of children with celiac disease (CD). Using culture-dependent and independent methods, we characterized the microbiota of small intestine in children with CD and controls. The normal microbiota constitutes an unique organ-specific biofilm. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Development and Stability of Antibiotic Resistance

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Maria Sjölund; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Microbiology; antibiotic resistance; selection; mutation frequency; biological cost of resistance; compensatory evolution; Helicobacter pylori; normal microbiota; Mikrobiologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotic resistance is of current concern. Bacteria have become increasingly resistant to commonly used antibiotics and we are facing a growing resistance problem. The present thesis was aimed at studying the impact of antibiotic treatment on pathogenic bacteria as well as on the normal human microbiota, with focus on resistance development. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Effects of Dietary Fibre and Probiotics on Hindgut Fermentation in Healthy Rats and in Rats with Dextran Sulphate Sodium-Induced Colitis and Colon Cancer

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Lund University

    Författare :Camilla Bränning; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; carboxylic acids; probiotics; short-chain fatty acids; hindgut fermentation; Colonic health; prebiotics; microbiota; dietary fibre;

    Sammanfattning : The importance of colonic fermentation has been realised during recent years as it has been found to be associated with colonic health and thus the overall health of the individual. The fermentation of dietary fibre and the addition of probiotics can have positive effects on the luminal environment and the colonic microbiota. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Gut microbiota to counteract metabolic disorders and neuroinflammation : Impact of dietary factors and their potential to prevent Alzheimer’s disease

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Food Technology, Lund University

    Författare :Nittaya Marungruang; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Alzheimer’s disease; gut microbiota; metabolic disorders; inflammation; neuroinflammation; lingonberries; dietary fibre; gut barrier; blood-brain barrier;

    Sammanfattning : Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. Increased accumulations of senile plaques and tangles are the known neuropathological hallmarks of AD. However, the exact triggers for such protein accumulations, leading to cognitive impairment and important morphological alteration in AD, are still elusive. LÄS MER