Sökning: "neutron spectroscopy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 99 avhandlingar innehållade orden neutron spectroscopy.

  1. 1. Neutron Spectroscopy : Instrumentation and Methods for Fusion Plasmas

    Författare :Henrik Sjöstrand; Göran Ericsson; Johan Frenje; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neutron spectroscopy; plasma diagnostics; fusion power; fusion; plasma heating; MPRu; JET; triton burn-up; ITER; neutron yield; calibration; Fusion; Fusion;

    Sammanfattning : When the heavy hydrogen isotopes deuterium (D) and tritium (T) undergo nuclear fusion large amounts of energy are released. At the Joint European Torus (JET) research is performed on how to harvest this energy. Two of the most important fusion reactions, d+d→3He+n (En = 2.5 MeV) and d+t→4He+n (En = 14 MeV), produce neutrons. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Neutron Spectrometry Techniques for Fusion Plasmas : Instrumentation and Performance

    Författare :Erik Andersson Sundén; Göran Ericsson; Sean Conroy; Erik Traneus; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fusion; plasma diagnostics; neutron spectrometry; neutron spectroscopy; MPRu; magnetic proton recoil spectrometer; fusion; ITER; Nuclear physics; Kärnfysik; Fysik med inriktning mot tillämpad kärnfysik; Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Neutron are emitted from a deuterium plasma with energies around 2.5 MeV. The neutron spectrum is intimately related to the ion velocity distribution of the plasma. As a consequence, the analysis of neutron energy spectra can give information of the plasma rotation, the ion temperature, heating efficiency and fusion power. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Diagnosing Fuel Ions in Fusion Plasmas using Neutron Emission Spectroscopy

    Författare :Carl Hellesen; Göran Ericsson; Sean Conroy; William W Heidbrink; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fusion; plasma diagnostics; neutron spectroscopy; NBI heating; ICRF heating; energetic ions; Fusion; Fusion; Nuclear physics; Kärnfysik; Applied Nuclear Physics; Tillämpad kärnfysik;

    Sammanfattning : Neutron emission spectra, measured with the time of flight spectrometer TOFOR, at the joint European torus (JET) are presented in this thesis. TOFOR has been in use since 2005, routinely measuring the neutron emission from JET plasmas. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Neural Networks Applications and Electronics Development for Nuclear Fusion Neutron Diagnostics

    Författare :Emanuele Ronchi; Sean Conroy; Basilio Esposito; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neural networks; tomography; unfolding; real time; pulse shape discrimination; PSD; neutron spectroscopy; MPRu; TOFOR; KN3; neutron camera; LED; summing amplifiers; electronics; JET; Plasma physics; Plasmafysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik; Applied Nuclear Physics; Tillämpad kärnfysik; Elektronik; Electronics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the development of electronic modules for fusion neutron spectroscopy as well as several implementations of artificial neural networks (NN) for neutron diagnostics for the Joint European Torus (JET) experimental reactor in England.The electronics projects include the development of two fast light pulser modules based on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for the calibration and stability monitoring of two neutron spectrometers (MPRu and TOFOR) at JET. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Neutron emission spectroscopy of fusion plasmas with a NE213 liquid scintillator at JET

    Författare :Federico Binda; Göran Ericsson; Chernikova Dina; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NE213; neutron spectroscopy; liquid scintillator; nuclear; fusion; plasma;

    Sammanfattning : Neutron diagnostics will play a fundamental role in future fusion plasma machines,where the harsh environment will make the use of many other type of diagnos-tics practically impossible. Complex techniques to measure the neutron spectrumemitted from tokamk plasmas have been developed over the years, producing stateof the art neutron spectrometers. LÄS MER