Sökning: "neck injury"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 67 avhandlingar innehållade orden neck injury.

  1. 1. Neck injuries in rear impacts : Dummy neck development, dummy evaluation and test condition specifications

    Författare :Astrid Linder; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Neck; Injury; Anthropometric dummy; Severity; Impact test; Rear end collision; Seat; Mathematical model; Velocity; Thesis; Optimization; Mathematical neck models; Rear impact tests; Biomechanics; Road: Components of the vehicle; Road: Components of the vehicle;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of the work underlying this thesis was firstly to develop a neck for a new rear impact dummy, to evaluate the complete dummy and to specify test conditions for a consumer test with attention to AIS 1 neck injuries in rear impacts. In the development of the dummy neck, a mathematical neck model was developed and evaluated. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Neck function in rhythmic jaw activities

    Författare :Birgitta Häggman-Henrikson; Antoon DeLaat; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :chewing; head; human; jaw; mandible; motor control; movement; neck; temporomandibular disorders; whiplash injury; odontologi; Odontology; Chewing; Head; Human; Jaw; Mandible; Motor Control; Movement; Neck; Temporomandibular Disorders; Whiplash Injury;

    Sammanfattning : Previous studies in animals and humans show anatomic and physiological connections between the trigeminal and cervical regions. This investigation tested the hypothesis of a functional integration between the human jaw and neck motor systems in rhythmic jaw activities. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Whiplash injury : a clinical, radiographic and psychological investigation

    Författare :Kurt Pettersson; Seppo Santavirta; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cervical spine; whiplash injury; MRI; personality traits; steroid therapy; sagittal canal diameter; chronic symptoms;

    Sammanfattning : Whiplash injury is a common and troublesome disorder and approximately 10-40 per cent of its victims develop chronic symptoms. The annual incidence is estimated at 1/1000 inhabitants and the prevalence at 1%. The cause of chronic symptoms after whiplash injury is still unknown and no effective treatment has been presented so far. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Neck Injury Risk in Rear-End Impacts. Risk Factors and Neck Injury Criterion Evaluation with Madymo Modelling and Real-Life Data

    Författare :Linda Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :injury criteria; rear-end impacts; neck injuries; mathematical modelling; injury probability; head restraints; BioRID; NICmax; risk factors; WAD; car seats;

    Sammanfattning : Soft-tissue neck injuries, also termed AIS 1 neck injuries, are common after low-speed rear-end impacts. These injuries, which can be long-lasting, have increased in frequency during the past few decades. There is no consensus regarding injury mechanisms; however, injury criteria have been proposed, without yet being fully evaluated. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Children injured in traffic in a medical and psychosocial perspective : causes and consequences

    Författare :Eva M Olofsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Posttraumatic stress; PTSD; PTSS; trauma care; road traffic accidents; children; follow-up; injury; disbility; physical consequences; psychological problems; sequel; bicycle accident; helmet; upper extremity injury; head injury; injury severity; psychosocial problems; risk factors;

    Sammanfattning : Aim: To examine the causes and consequences of road traffic injuries in children from a physical and psychosocial perspective, and to identify unfavourable circumstances and children who are at risk of injury and disability. Methods: Study I was a systematic review of the literature on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS) in children injured in road traffic accidents. LÄS MER