Sökning: "nanosystem"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 10 avhandlingar innehållade ordet nanosystem.

  1. 1. Non-Orthogonality and Electron Correlations in Nanotransport Spin- and Time-Dependent Currents

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Jonas Fransson; Uppsala universitet.; [2002]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics; non-orthogonality; non-equilibrium; transport; nanosystem; quantum dot; spin-dependent; renormalization; Green function; diagram technique; many-body states; Hubbard operator; electron correlations; time-dependent; Fysik; icke-ortogonal; icke-jämvikt; transport; nanosystem; kvantprick; spinberoende; renormering; Green-funktion; diagramteknik; mångkropparstillstånd; Hubbadoperator; elektronkorrelationer; tidsberoende; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik; Fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : The concept of the transfer Hamiltonian formalism has been reconsidered and generalized to include the non-orthogonality between the electron states in an interacting region, e.g. quantum dot (QD), and the states in the conduction bands in the attached contacts. LÄS MER

  2. 2. From Macro to Nano Electrokinetic Transport and Surface Control

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Gaspard Pardon; KTH.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; microsystem; nanosystem; microfluidic; nanofluidic; surface modification; surface property; electrokinetics; model; simulation; material; polymer; thiol-ene; microfabrication; nanofabrication; micromanufacturing; nanomanufacturing; breath sampling; aerosol precipitation; corona discharge; electrostatic precipitation; grafting chemistry; click chemistry; nanopore; nanoporous membrane; photolithography; photopatterning; photografting; microfluidics; nanofluidics; oste; OSTE ; OSTEmer; lab-on-chip; loc; point-of-care; poc; biocompatibility; diagnostics; breath analysis; fuel cell; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik; Materials Science and Engineering; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Physics; Fysik; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Today, the growing and aging population, and the rise of new global threats on human health puts an increasing demand on the healthcare system and calls for preventive actions. To make existing medical treatments more efficient and widely accessible and to prevent the emergence of new threats such as drug-resistant bacteria, improved diagnostic technologies are needed. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Time-dependent relaxation of charge and energy in electronic nanosystems

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Jens Schulenborg; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heat current; quantum dot; relaxation rate; rate detection; generalization of hermiticity; nonunitary dynamics; open quantum system; Coulomb charging energy; voltage switch; transient response; electronic nanosystem;

    Sammanfattning : The study of the dynamics of strongly confined, interacting open quantum systems has attracted great interest over the past years, due to potential applications in nanoelectronics, metrology as well as quantum information. Most recent experimental and theoretical research in this field has shifted attention towards electronic heat currents, recognizing their potential for practical purposes as well as for tests of fundamental theories, and also aiming to control the inevitable heat dissipation of any dynamically operated electronic device. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantum Correlations and Temperature Fluctuations in Nanoscale Systems

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University, Faculty of Science

    Författare :Fredrik Brange; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum transport; electronic entanglement; nanoscale thermodynamics; quantum calorimetry; Fysicumarkivet A:2019:Brange;

    Sammanfattning : Den här avhandlingen berör två olika forskningsområden som är relaterade till fysiken för nanosystem. Det första området rör kvantkorrelationer och sammanflätning mellan elektroner i nanosystem, med ett särskilt fokus på hur man kan generera elektronisk orbital sammanflätning på tidsskalor mycket kortare än dekoherenstiden och hur man kan göra detektionen av sammanflätning enklare experimentellt. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Exploring nanosystems for biomedical applications focusing on photodynamic therapy and drug delivery

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University, Faculty of Science

    Författare :Vladimir Kirejev; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Photodynamic therapy; PDT enhancement; Nitric oxide; NO-based PDT; Targeted drug delivery; Galectin-3; mTHPP; Cyclodextrin; CD-mTHPP conjugate; PpIX AuNP combination; Two-photon microscopy; FLIM; Cell phototoxicity; Ex vivo skin;

    Sammanfattning : The increasing incidences of cancer and related deaths call for the development of new and improved treatment modalities. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) today is an alternative to conventional treatments, but has limitations. This thesis explores different nanosystems with aim to improve PDT focusing on spectroscopic and ex vivo studies. LÄS MER