Sökning: "muscle paresis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade orden muscle paresis.

  1. 1. Sensorimotor Brain Plasticity in Stroke Patients with Dysphagia : A Methodological Study on Investigation and Treatment

    Författare :Mary Hägg; Matti Anniko; Ulla Friberg; Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Otorhinolaryngology; Brain plasticity; Controls; Dysphagia; Deglutition; Facial palsy; Lip force; Muscle training; Orofacial regulation; Reliability; Sensitivity; Specificity; Stroke; Swallowing capacity; Otorhinolaryngologi;

    Sammanfattning : AimsThe aims of the thesis were to validate investigation instruments for stroke patients with dysphagia, and to improve oropharyngeal dysphagia therapies.Methods/ResultsA Lip Force Meter, LF 100, affirmed excellent intra- and inter-reliability, sensitivity and specificity. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gait strategy in myelomeningocele : Movements, mechanics and methods

    Författare :Elena M Gutierrez; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Myelomeningocele; spina bifida; gait analysis; movement analysis; muscle paresis; compensatory movements; orthoses; centre of mass.;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis was to describe the movement patterns employed in selfambulatory children with a range of muscle paresis due to nervous tissue damage resulting from myelomeningocele, a common congenital malformation of the spinal column resulting in sensory and motor paresis. Using 3D movement analysis, the upper and lower body kinematics, movement of the center of mass, and joint moments, powers, and work done during gait in 32 children with lumbo-sacral myelomeningocele were analyzed and divided into 5 groups based on the severity of paresis. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Associations between body functions, activities and health-related quality of life from onset until 18 months after stroke

    Författare :Anna-Karin Welmer; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Hand function; health-related quality of life; mobility limitation; muscle spasticity; paresis; perceptual disorders; self-care; somatosensory disorders; stroke; synergy;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction and aims: In planning rehabilitation services for patients with stroke, it is important to know the frequency of the impairments and activity limitations presented by the patients and also how each body function and activity is associated with other body functions and activities, as well as the patients health-related quality of life (HRQL) at different time-points after stroke. The overall aims of the thesis were to describe body functions, activities and HRQL in patients with stroke and to analyse the associations between those variables, in the first week and at three and 18 months after stroke onset. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ambulation in persons with myelomeningocele

    Författare :Åsa Bartonek; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Ambulation - Myelomeningocele - Orthoses- Energy expenditure;

    Sammanfattning : The aim was to study ambulatory function in persons with myelomeningocele. Different systems used to classify the extent of motor paresis were compared. The classification according to five commonly used systems showed a lack of congruence in classes L3 level and downward. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Velocity controlled dynamometry and gait analysis : Development of methods and applications

    Författare :Lennart Gransberg; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Dynamometry; torque; measurement error; overshoot; isokinetic; concentric; eccentric; gait analysis; three-dimensional; electrogoniometer; electromagnetic tracking;

    Sammanfattning : The isokinetic systems developed in the present study can measure torque in maximal voluntary and passive movements. The torque recordings may be combined with surface EMG recordings from pairs of antagonistic muscles involved in the movement. Healthy subjects and patients with spastic paresis have been examined. LÄS MER