Sökning: "multivalent ions"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade orden multivalent ions.

  1. 1. Ions interacting with macromolecules : NMR studies in solution

    Författare :Yuan Fang; Istvan Furo; Monika Schönhoff; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; electrophoretic NMR; diffusion NMR; specific ion effects; Hofmeister; ion binding; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Specific ion effects, identified for more than hundred years, play an important role in a wide range of phenomena and applications. Several mechanisms such as direct ion interaction with molecules have been suggested to explain these effects, but quantitative experimental evidence remains scarce. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Design of Cellulose-based Materials by Supramolecular Assemblies

    Författare :Tobias Benselfelt; Lars Wågberg; Torbjörn Pettersson; Joseph Schlenoff; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Adhesion; adsorption; alginate; assemblies; biodegradable; biomaterials; biopolymers; cellulose; cellulose nanofibrils; CNFs; gas barrier; hemicellulose; interfaces; ion-ion correlation; latex; layer-by-layer; metal-ligand complexes; montmorillonite; multivalent ions; packaging; PISA; polyelectrolyte multilayers; polyelectrolytes; polysaccharides; RAFT; renewable; specific ion effects; supramolecular; surfaces; sustainable; thin films; water-resilient; xyloglucan; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Due to climate change and plastic pollution, there is an increasing demand for bio-based materials with similar properties to those of common plastics yet biodegradable. In this respect, cellulose is a strong candidate that is already being refined on a large industrial scale, but the properties differ significantly from those of common plastics in terms of shapeability and water-resilience. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Metals in Dynamic Chemistry: Selection & Catalysis

    Författare :Brian J.J. Timmer; Olof Ramström; Stéphane Bellemin-Laponnaz; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; constitutional dynamic chemistry; selection; multivalent interactions; carbohydrates; quartz crystal microbalance; catalyst screening; aqueous olefin metathesis; C-H activation; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : In the adaptation to the oxidative environment on earth, metals played a crucial role for the evolution of life. The presence of metals also allowed access to advanced functions due to their unique coordination sphere and reactivity. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Interfacial properties of calcium montmorillonite in aqueous solutions : Density functional theory and classical molecular dynamics studies on the electric double layer

    Författare :Guomin Yang; Göran Lindbergh; Ivars Neretnieks; Michael Holmboe; Jan Forsman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Clay minerals; Bentonite; density functional theory; molecular dynamics; GROMACS; electric double layer; electrolytes; ionic liquids; primitive model; CLAYFF forcefield.; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Sammanfattning : The swelling properties of Bentonite are highly affected by clay content and the clay-water interactions that arise from the ion distribution in the diffuse double layer formed near the charged montmorillonite (or smectite) surfaces. Existing continuum models describing the electric double layers, such as classical Poisson-Boltzmann and DLVO theory, ignore the ion-ion correlations, which are especially important for multivalent ions at high surface charge and ionic strength. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Simulations of Simple Fluids and Surface Forces

    Författare :Martin Trulsson; Teoretisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular modeling; Surface Forces; Dielectric Constant; Charge Capacitance; Charge Regulation; Hypersphere; Statistical mechanics; Intermolecular interactions; Col- loidal Stability; Simulations; Fluids;

    Sammanfattning : A considerable part of all chemistry in nature and in industry occurs in solvents. Sol- vents affect both the interactions and the reactions of the particles immersed in them. The work in this thesis concerns the properties of ionic and polar solvents, as well as the interactions between solutes and/or dispersed particles. LÄS MER