Sökning: "multicellular tumor spheroids"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade orden multicellular tumor spheroids.
1. High-throughput screening using multicellular tumor spheroids to reveal and exploit tumor-specific vulnerabilities
Sammanfattning : High-throughput drug screening (HTS) in live cells is often a vital part of the preclinical anticancer drug discovery process. So far, two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cell cultures have been the most prevalent model in HTS endeavors. However, 2D cell cultures often fail to recapitulate the complex microenvironments of in vivo tumors. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying cancer development has shifted drug discovery towards target driven drug development the last decades, but the development of effective cancer drugs has been hampered by the lack of predictive preclinical models. 3-D cultures, considered to more accurately reflect solid tumors in vivo, have been proposed as one way to increase the predictability of clinical efficacy in cancer drug discovery and development. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Inadequate metabolic conditions in solid tumors lead to the formation of quiescent cancer cells that are suspended in a transient cell cycle arrest. When conditions change, quiescent cancer cells can re-enter the cell cycle and cause recurrence. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Antibodies are glycoproteins specifically binding to a variety of antigens and today extensively used in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Carcinomas originate from epithelial tissues and are the most common forms of human malignancies. In the necrotic areas of carcinomas significant amounts of keratins (K) are found extracellularly. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Phenotypic screening is an effective approach to the discovery of small-molecule drugs. In this thesis, I have used cancer cells grown as 3D microtissues (multicellular spheroids) to study the effect of anticancer drugs and as drug discovery tools. LÄS MER