Sökning: "mucosal"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 463 avhandlingar innehållade ordet mucosal.

  1. 1. Nitrate, Nitrite and Nitric Oxide in Gastric Mucosal Defense

    Författare :Joel Petersson; Lena Holm; Jon Lundberg; Mia Phillipson; Matthew Grisham; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; dietary nitrate; mucus gel layer; mucosal blood flow; mucus thickness; laser-Doppler flowmetry; mucosal damage; intra-vital microscopy; mucosal permeability; Physiology; Fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The human stomach normally contains high levels of bioactive nitric oxide (NO). This NO derives from salivary nitrate (NO3-) that is converted to nitrite (NO2-) by oral bacteria and thereafter non-enzymatically reduced in the acidic gastric lumen to NO. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gastrointestinal mucosal protective mechanisms : Mudolatory effects of Heliobacter pyroli on the gastric mucus gel barrier and mucosal blood flow in vivo

    Författare :Christer Atuma; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Physiology and anatomy; mucus gel layer; mucosal blood flow; mucus thickness; chronic infection; rat; platelet activating factor; mast cell; nitric oxide; nitric oxide synthase; ketotifen; intra-vital microscopy; microelectrode; laser-Doppler flowmetry; L- NNA; Fysiologi och anatomi; Physiology and pharmacology; Fysiologi och farmakologi; Physiology; fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The gastrointestinal mucus gel layer and blood flow are two important mechanisms for protection at the pre-epithelial and sub-epithelial levels, respectively. Helicobacter pylori might circumvent these mechanisms and elicit a chronic inflammatory response with consequent ulcers in the stomach and duodenum. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Mucosal immunity against mycobacterial infection

    Författare :Muhammad Jubayer Rahman; Carmen Fernández; Ingileif Jonsdottir; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mucosal immunity; Vaccination; Diagnosis; Mycobacterial infection; Immunology; Immunologi; immunologi; Immunology;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis aimed to the identification of immune biomarkers of mycobacterial infection for better diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) and also focused on new vaccination strategies with a particular emphasis on the immune responses in the respiratory tract using murine models. Since the lung is the natural habitat for the M. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mucosal immunity in the respiratory tract : The role of IgA in protection against intracellular pathogens

    Författare :Ariane Rodríguez; Carmen Fernández; Lennart Hammarström; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mucosal immunity; respiratory tract; IgA; intracellular pathogens; Immunology; Immunologi;

    Sammanfattning : The lungs and upper airways are mucosal surfaces that are common site for infection with an enormous variety of inhaled pathogens. Therefore, induction of immune responses in the respiratory tract is crucial for protection against respiratory diseases. One of the pathogens infecting the host via the respiratory tract is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Upper Airway Mucosal Inflammation : Proteomic Studies after Exposure to Irritants and Microbial Agents

    Författare :Louise Fornander; Mats Lindahl; Bijar Ghafouri; Pål Graff; Magnus Svartengren; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : People are, in their daily lives, exposed to a number of airborne foreign compounds that do not normally affect the body. However, depending on the nature of these compounds, dose and duration of exposure, various airway symptoms may arise. LÄS MER