Sökning: "moral agent"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 32 avhandlingar innehållade orden moral agent.

  1. 1. The moral status of nature : reasons to care for the natural world

    Författare :Lars Samuelsson; Roger Fjellström; Johan Brännmark; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Environmental ethics; ecocentrism; reasons; reason for action; normative reason; moral status; moral standing; moral considerability; final value; intrinsic value; biocentrism; nature-considerism; nature; nature as a whole; the natural world; complexity; indispensability; interests; Practical philosophy; Praktisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : The subject-matter of this essay is the moral status of nature. This subject is dealt with in terms of normative reasons. The main question is if there are direct normative reasons to care for nature in addition to the numerous indirect normative reasons that there are for doing so. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Hedonistic Act Utilitarianism : Action Guidance and Moral Intuitions

    Författare :Simon Rosenqvist; Folke Tersman; Jens Johansson; Ben Eggleston; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; hedonistic act utilitarianism; consequentialism; action guidance; moral intuitions; hedonism; thought experiments; ignorance; imagination; morality; normativity; ethics; moral theory; normative ethics; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : According to hedonistic act utilitarianism, an act is morally right if and only if, and because, it produces at least as much pleasure minus pain as any alternative act available to the agent. This dissertation gives a partial defense of utilitarianism against two types of objections: action guidance objections and intuitive objections. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Morality and the Pursuit of Happiness : A Study in Kantian Ethics

    Författare :Johan Brännmark; Praktisk filosofi; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Systematic philosophy; Henry Sidgwick; G. E. Moore; wide reflective equilibrium; metaphysics of the person; Ethics; value; moral realism; social constructivism; philosophy of action; theories of motivation; the dualism of practical reason; the highest good; happiness; virtue; the categorical imperative; maxims; moral principles; Immanuel Kant; moral judgment; aesthetics; metaphysics; epistemology; ideology; Praktisk filosofi; estetik; metafysik; kunskapsteori; ideologi;

    Sammanfattning : This work seeks to develop a Kantian ethical theory in terms of a general ontology of values and norms together with a metaphysics of the person that makes sense of this ontology. It takes as its starting point Kant’s assertion that a good will is the only thing that has an unconditioned value and his accompanying view that the highest good consists in virtue and happiness in proportion to virtue. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Opportunistic Behavior in Industrial Marketing Relationships

    Författare :Raeesah Chohan; Esmail Salehi-Sangari; Leyland Pitt; John B. Ford; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Opportunistic behavior; moral hazard; adverse selection; principal-agent; Agency Theory; professional agent; Theory of Relationship Constraints; client-advertising agency relationship; ex-ante; ex-post; formal constraint mechanisms; social constraint mechanisms; Industrial Marketing; Industriell marknadsföring;

    Sammanfattning : As humans beings, we act to our advantage. In some cases, this is done to the detriment of others; also known as opportunistic behavior. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Autonomous Systems in Society and War : Philosophical Inquiries

    Författare :Linda Johansson; Sven Ove Hansson; Philip Brey; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; UAVs; drones; military robots; laws of war; justification for killing; ethics of care; care robots; functional morality; moral responsibility; Moral Turing Test; robot morality; artificial agent; artificial agency; autonomy; norms; disruptive technology; co-evolution; scenarios; autonomous systems; security; decision guidance; technology assessment;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis is to look at some philosophical issues surrounding autonomous systems in society and war. These issues can be divided into three main categories. The first, discussed in papers I and II, concerns ethical issues surrounding the use of autonomous systems – where the focus in this thesis is on military robots. LÄS MER