Sökning: "mismatch repair genes"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 24 avhandlingar innehållade orden mismatch repair genes.

  1. 1. Mismatch repair deficiency in colorectal cancer : prognosis and prediction for basic treatment strategies

    Författare :Ioannis Gkekas; Jan Novotny; Karin Strigård; Richard Palmqvist; Ulf Gunnarsson; Christian Sturesson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; colorectal cancer; defective mismatch repair; prognosis and prediction; Oncology; onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains a significant healthcare problem worldwide, being the third most common cancer and the fourth most frequent cause of cancer death. Environmental and dietary factors such as alcohol abuse, cigarette smoking, and genetic predisposition seem to constitute the main aetiologies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Morphological Features and Mismatch Repair in Colorectal Tumors

    Författare :Britta Halvarsson; Tumörmikromiljö; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Patologi allmän ; patologisk anatomi; Lynch syndrome; Colorectal tumors; HNPCC; Mismatch repaire; pathological anatomy; General pathology; Genetik; cytogenetik; cytogenetics; Genetics; Medicin människa och djur ; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Immunohistochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Corlorectal cancer affects 5% of individuals in the Western world and heredity is estimated to cause at least 10% of the tumors. Defective mismatch repair (MMR) is a tumorigenic mechanism through which about 15% of colorectal cancer develops and this feature characterizes tumors associated with Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Mismatch Repair Deficient Cancer Diagnostic Aspects in Colorectal Cancer and the Role of Urological Cancer in Lynch Syndrome

    Författare :Patrick Joost; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mismatch repair; Lynch syndrome; immunohistochemistry; microsatellite instability; heterogeneity; cumulative incidence; colorectal cancer; urothelial cancer; prostate cancer; renal cell cancer;

    Sammanfattning : Mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency is carcinogenic and can either have somatic/sporadic causes (i.e. epigenetic silencing or somatic inactivation) or hereditary causes (Lynch syndrome due to a germline mutation in one of the MMR genes ¬- MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Genotoxic effects of systemic chemotherapy in cancer patients - Microsatellite instability, loss of heterozygosity and expression of mismatch repair genes

    Författare :Nasir Kamat; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Molecular genetic studies on genes involved in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)

    Författare :Tao Liu; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; colorectal cancer; endometrial cancer; HNPCC; mismatch repair genes; bhMSH2; hMLH1; hPMS1; hPMS2; hMSH6; mutation screening; MSI; LOH.;

    Sammanfattning : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem in Western countries, and it is the third leading cause of death from cancer in both males and females. Inherited predisposition can be divided into two subgroups based on the absence or the presence of multiple benign colorectal polyps. LÄS MER