Sökning: "metal particles"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 316 avhandlingar innehållade orden metal particles.

  1. 1. Metal Particles – Hazard or Risk? Elaboration and Implementation of a Research Strategy from a Surface and Corrosion Perspective

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

    Författare :Klara Midander; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Sannakaisa Virtanen; [2009]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ferro-chromium alloy; metal particles; bioaccessibility; chemical speciation; dermal contact; surface oxide; in-vitro testing; chemical speciation; cu; copper; comet assay; intracellular; ultrafine; in vitro; A549; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; nanoparticles; particle characterization; artificial sweat; nickel release; nickel powder particles; particle loadings; release kinetics; surface area; copper release; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; simulation of interstitial lung conditions; skin contact; metal release; stainless steel; particles; test method; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Physical chemistry Surface and colloid chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Fysikalisk kemi Yt- och kolloidkemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Analytical chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Analytisk kemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Analytical chemistry Spectroscopy; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Analytisk kemi Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : Do metal particles (including particles of pure metals, alloys, metal oxides and compounds) pose a hazard or risk to human health? In the light of this question, this thesis summarizes results from research conducted on metal particles, and describes the elaboration and implementation of an in vitro test methodology to study metal release from particles through corrosion and dissolution processes in synthetic biological media relevant for human exposure through inhalation/ingestion and dermal contact.Bioaccessible metals are defined as the pool of released metals from particles that potentially could be made available for absorption by humans or other organisms. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Metal release from powder particles in synthetic biological media

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Materialvetenskap

    Författare :Klara Midander; Jinshan Pan; Mats Norell; [2006]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; metal release; stainless steel; Cu; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; test method; in vitro tests; TECHNOLOGY Materials science Other materials science; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk materialvetenskap Övrig teknisk materialvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Humans are exposed to metals and metal-containing materials daily, either conscious, e.g. using metal tools or objects, or unconscious, e.g. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Surface reactivity of metal nanoparticles - importance of surface active agents and biomolecules from a transformation, mobility and toxicity perspective

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Materialvetenskap

    Författare :Sara Skoglund; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Lars Österlund; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; metal nanoparticles; surfactants; metal release; characterization; size distribution; nanotoxicology; risk assessment; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Metallic nanoparticles possess unique properties due to their size and are widely used in e.g. consumer products. From this follows a need to identify and assess potential risks of human and environmental exposure. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mechanisms of Metal Dusting

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

    Författare :Peter Szakálos; [2004]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; metal dusting; mechanism; driving force; kinetics; high temperature corrosion; carburization; stainlesssteel; Ni-base alloys; iron; alumina formers; FeCrAl; oxidation; carbon nanotubes; discontinuous precipitation; TECHNOLOGY Materials science; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk materialvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : The primary intention with this Doctoral thesis is to fillin the knowledge gaps and raise the level of understandingregarding the different metal dusting mechanisms in general andexplain the process in detail for high alloyed materials.Considerable effort is put into identifying the driving forcesand elucidating the diffusional processes in metal dusting. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On particles and slags in steel casting

    Detta är en avhandling från Jönköping : Jönköping University, School of Engineering

    Författare :Dimitrios Siafakas; Anders E.W. Jarfors; Taishi Matsushita; Sridhar Seetharaman; [2019]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Hadfield steel; deoxidation; grain size; inoculation; particles; viscosity; slag;

    Sammanfattning : Hadfield steel is widely accepted as one of the most important steel alloys utilized in industrial applications where high impact strength and wear resistance is required. Like in most metallic alloys used for component casting, the mechanical properties of Hadfield steel are directly connected with the microstructure of the material. LÄS MER