Sökning: "medical ultrasound"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 338 avhandlingar innehållade orden medical ultrasound.

  1. 1. Non-invasive imaging for improved cardiovascular diagnostics : Shear wave elastography, relative pressure estimation, and tomographic reconstruction

    Författare :David Marlevi; Matilda Larsson; Reidar Winter; Massimiliano Colarieti-Tosti; Kathryn Nightingale; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Medical imaging; Cardiovascular disease; Atherosclerosis; Hemodynamics; Ultrasound; Shear Wave Elastography SWE ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI ; 4D flow MRI; Relative Pressure; Virtual Work-Energy; micro-Computed Tomography micro-CT ; Tomographic reconstruction; Pre-clinical imaging; Medicinsk avbildning; Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar; Ateroskleros; Hemodynamik; Ultraljud; Skjuvvågselastografi SWE ; Magnetresonanstomografi MRI ; 4D flödes-MRI; Tryckfall; Virtuellt flöde; mikro-Datortomografi mikro-CT ; Tomografisk rekonstruktion; Preklinisk avbildning; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Throughout the last century, medical imaging has come to revolutionise the way we diagnose disease, and is today an indispensable part of virtually any clinical practice. In cardiovascular care imaging is extensively utilised, and the development of novel techniques promises refined diagnostic abilities: ultrasound elastography allows for constitutive tissue assessment, 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables full-field flow mapping, and micro-Computed Tomography (CT) permits high-resolution imaging at pre-clinical level. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ultrasonic Methods for Quantitative Carotid Plaque Characterization

    Författare :Erik Widman; Matilda Larsson; Mark L. Palmeri; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular Disease; Carotid Artery; Elasticity; ex vivo; in vivo; Phantom; Plaque; Polyvinyl Alcohol; Pulse Wave Imaging; Shear Wave Elastography; Speckle Tracking; Stroke; Ultrasound; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Atherosclerosis;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide and improved diagnostic methods are needed for early intervention and to select the most suitable treatment for patients. Currently, carotid artery plaque vulnerability is typically determined by visually assessing ultrasound B-mode images, which is influenced by user-subjectivity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Imaging and modeling the cardiovascular system

    Författare :Elira Maksuti; Michael Broomé; Anna Bjällmark; Matilda Larsson; Martin Ugander; Patrick Segers; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Cardiac pumping; diastolic function; hemodynamics; modeling; simulation; arterial stiffness; ultrasound; shear wave elastography.; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Cardiac pumping;

    Sammanfattning : Understanding cardiac pumping function is crucial to guiding diagnosis, predicting outcomes of interventions, and designing medical devices that interact with the cardiovascular system.  Computer simulations of hemodynamics can show how the complex cardiovascular system is influenced by changes in single or multiple parameters and can be used to test clinical hypotheses. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantification and Visualization of Cardiovascular Function using Ultrasound

    Författare :Matilda Larsson; Lars-Åke Brodin; Hans Torp; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ultrasound; Tissue Doppler imaging; Speckle tracking imaging; cardiovascular function; visualization; quantification; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik;

    Sammanfattning : There is a large need for accurate methods detecting cardiovascular diseases, since they are one of the leading causes of mortality in the world, accounting for 29.3% of all deaths. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Toward increased applicability of ultrasound contrast agents

    Författare :Malin Larsson; Lars-Åke Brodin; Anna Bjällmark; Kenneth Caidahl; Jan Engvall; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Contrast agent; Contrast-to-tissue-ratio; Echocardiography; Endocardial border; Microbubbles; Multimodal; Phantom; Polymer; Ultrasound; Wall motion score index.; Teknik och hälsa; Technology and Health;

    Sammanfattning : Ultrasound is one of the most widely used modalities in medical imaging because of its high cost-effectiveness, wide availability in hospitals, generation of real-time images, and use of nonionizing radiation. However, the image quality can be insufficient in some patients. LÄS MER