Sökning: "medical diagnosis"

Visar resultat 21 - 25 av 2163 avhandlingar innehållade orden medical diagnosis.

  1. 21. Combining Shape and Learning for Medical Image Analysis

    Författare :Jennifer Alvén; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; feature-based registration; convolutional neural networks; conditional random fields; medical image segmentation; random decision forests; machine learning; multi-atlas segmentation; medical image registration; shape models;

    Sammanfattning : Automatic methods with the ability to make accurate, fast and robust assessments of medical images are highly requested in medical research and clinical care. Excellent automatic algorithms are characterized by speed, allowing for scalability, and an accuracy comparable to an expert radiologist. LÄS MER

  2. 22. Diagnosis and management of periprosthetic joint infections

    Författare :Karin Svensson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; periprosthetic joint infection; arthroplasty surgery;

    Sammanfattning : Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication to hip and knee arthroplasty surgery. In the light of its devastating implications for the affected patient, its great economic impact on the health care system and the increasing antimicrobial resistance, it is important to develop efficient diagnostic methods, identify optimal treatment pathways and improve the care for patients. LÄS MER

  3. 23. Microfluidic Cell and Particle Sorting using Deterministic Lateral Displacement

    Författare :Stefan Holm; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Microfluidics; Separation science; Deterministic Lateral Displacement; Cell analysis; Deterministic lateral displacement; Microfluidics; Particle sorting; Droplet microfluidics; trypanosomiasis; red blood cell; Cell sorting; Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Holm;

    Sammanfattning : Microfluidics is a field which has the potential to revolutionize medical diagnostics. The ability to sort and analyse cells by the use of portable handheld devices has the potential to enable sensitive devices for point-of-care diagnostics. LÄS MER

  4. 24. Clinical and genetic studies of three inherited skeletal disorders

    Författare :Eva-Lena Stattin; Göran Roos; Niklas Dahl; Jaakko Ignatius; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; skeletal disorders; osteochondritis dissecans; ACAN-gene; multiple epiphyseal dysplasia; brachydactyly type A1; IHH-gene; Medical genetics; Medicinsk genetik; klinisk genetik; Clinical Genetics;

    Sammanfattning : Mutations in genes of importance for cartilage development may lead to skeletal malformations, chondroskeletal dysfunction and increased susceptibility to degenerative joint disease. Characterization of these mutations and identification of molecular pathways for the corresponding gene products have contributed to our understanding of mechanisms regulating skeletal patterning, endochondral ossification and joint formation. LÄS MER

  5. 25. Genetic and epidemiological studies of hereditary colorectal cancer

    Författare :Kristina Cederquist; Henrik Grönberg; Irina Golovleva; Gösta Holmgren; Mef Nilbert; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; Lynch syndrome; HNPCC; colorectal cancer; endometrial cancer; cancer risk; MSI; MLH1; MSH2; MSH6; genome-wide scan; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik; medicinsk genetik; Medical Genetics;

    Sammanfattning : Lynch syndrome (Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer, HNPCC) is the most common hereditary syndrome predisposing to colorectal cancer, accounting for 1-3% of all colorectal cancer. This multi-organ cancer predisposition syndrome is caused by mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes, especially MLH1 and MSH2, and to lesser extents MSH6 and PMS2, which lead to widespread genetic instability and thus microsatellite instability (MSI). LÄS MER