Sökning: "materiefysik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 12 avhandlingar innehållade ordet materiefysik.

  1. 1. From Branes to Brains : On M-theory and Understanding Thermodynamics

    Författare :Tom W. Adawi; Jon Ogborn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Physics; M-theory; p-branes; supersymmetry; duality; heat and temperature; phenomenography; context; Physics Education Research; Fysik; Fysikens didaktik; Physics; Fysik; Materiefysik; Physics of Matter; Physics with specialization in Physics Education; Fysik med inriktning mot fysikens didaktik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is concerned with research in both physics and physics education, and is divided into two parts.Part IString theory has been the leading candidate over the past few years for a theory that unifies all the fundamental forces of nature. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nanocalorimetry of electronic phase transitions in systems with unconventional superconductivity and magnetic ordering

    Författare :Donato Campanini; Andreas Rydh; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nanocalorimetry; Superconductivity; Magnetism; Electronic phase transitions; materiefysik; Physics Of Matter; Physics; fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, low temperature specific heat measurements on small (μg) single crystals of different superconducting and magnetic systems are presented. The device used in this work features a combination of high sensitivity and good accuracy over the temperature range 1-400 K and allows measurements in high magnetic fields. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Hybrid superconductor junctions with diluted PtNi ferromagnetic interlayer

    Författare :Taras Golod; Vladimir M. Krasnov; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Superconductivity; Supraledning; Low temperature physics; Lågtemperaturfysik; materiefysik; Physics Of Matter; Solid State Physics; fasta tillståndets fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes experimental investigation of thin films made of diluted Pt 1-x Ni x ferromagnet alloy and Nb-Pt 1-x -Nb Josephson junctions. Such Hybrid Superconductor-Ferromagnet (S-F) Structures are of significant interest because of the new physics involved and possible applications in low temperature and spintronic devices. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Magnetic deflagration and detonation in crystals of nanomagnets

    Författare :Oleksii Iukhymenko; Claude Dion; Javier Tejada; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Nanomagnets; magnetic deflagration; front instability; Zeeman energy; magnetic instability; magnetic detonation; weak detonation; Physics Of Matter; materiefysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis we cover the dynamics of the macro magnetic transformations (spin avalanches) in crystals of molecular nanomagnets, also known as magnetic deflagration and detonation.Taking a single-molecule Hamiltonian, we calculate the dependence of Zeeman energy and the activation energy as a function of an external magnetic field at different angles relative to the easy axis of the crystal. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Experimental investigation of molecular solids and vanadium at high pressure and temperature

    Författare :Zsolt Jenei; Reinhold Schuch; William Evans; Stefan Klotz; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; molecular solid; high pressure; vanadium; phase transition; Physics; Fysik; materiefysik; Physics Of Matter;

    Sammanfattning : Understanding high pressure effects on simple molecular system is of great interest for condensed matter science and geophysics. Accessing the static pressure and temperature regions found in planetary interiors is made possible by the development of the Diamond Anvil Cell technique. LÄS MER