Sökning: "marginal utility"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 30 avhandlingar innehållade orden marginal utility.

  1. 1. Essays on Smallholder Diversification, Industry Location, Debt Relief, and Disability and Utility

    Författare :Sven Tengstam; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Zambia; agriculture; income diversification; structural change; poverty; global clothing industry; new economic geography; comparative advantages; industrial agglomeration; HIPC; debt relief; debt overhang; investment; incentives; disability; mobility impairment; marginal utility; hypothetical lotteries; risk.;

    Sammanfattning : Essay 1 Smallholder Income Diversification in Zambia: The Way Out of Poverty? This paper investigates the relationship between income diversification (combinations of farm income, agricultural wage work, non-agricultural wage work, and own-business income) and income within Zambian smallholder households. Shifting to a higher degree of diversification is found to be associated with getting higher income per laborer. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Equity in welfare evaluations : the rationale for and effects of distributional weighting

    Författare :Gunnel Bångman; Lars Hultkrantz; Fredrik Carlsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; weighted cost-benefit analysis; equity; distributional weights; social welfare; income distribution; risk aversion; social marginal value of income; altruism; paternalism; marginal utility of income; social inequality aversion; stated preferences; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis addresses the issue of weighted cost-benefit analysis (WCBA). WCBA is a welfare evaluation model where income distribution effects are valued by distributional weighting. The method was developed already in the 1970s. The interest in and applications of this method have increased in the past decade, e. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Transport and environment incentive policy instruments : effects and interactions

    Författare :Xing Liu; Lars Hultkrantz; James Odeck; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Congestion pricing; Equity effects; Modal choice; Social marginal cost; Externalities; Transport taxation; Carbon tax; Carbon leakage; Computable General Equilibrium Model; VTTS; Simultaneous decision model; Random utility model; Logistics cost minimization; Additionality; Klimp; Climate subsidy program; Subsidy; CDM; Business Studies; Företagsekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation studies issues related to the evaluation of the effects and interactions of transport and environmental incentive policy instruments. Essay 1: Green cars sterilize congestion charges: a model analysis of the reduced impact of Stockholm road tolls calibrates a modal-choice model with data from the Stockholm road toll and uses it to study the sensitivity of congestion toll effects to some seemly subtle changes in the toll system design and external circumstances. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Utility of Bispectral Index (BIS) monotoring during general anesthesia

    Författare :Maj-Lis Lindholm; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : p>The possibility to objectively measure effects from anesthetics on the level of consciousness has since long been desired. General anesthetics cause changes in brain electrical activity, seen as changes in the electroencephalogram (EEG). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cost-Benefit Analysis of climate policy and long term public investments

    Författare :Disa Thureson; Lars Hultkrantz; Jan-Eric Nilsson; Robert Lundmark; Disa Asplund; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Social Cost of Carbon; Greenhous Gases; Distributional weights; Discounting; Cost benefit analysis; Elasticity of Marginal Utility of Consumption; Risk aversion; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Investment; Climate change; Transport infrastructure; Qa Economics and finance; Qa Economics and finance;

    Sammanfattning : This compilation dissertation consists of four essays with the common theme of welfare analysis of long-term public investments. The first two essays focus on analysis of climate change mitigation, i.e., the social cost of carbon dioxide. LÄS MER