Sökning: "magnetoplasmas."

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade ordet magnetoplasmas..

  1. 1. Waves and instabilities in quantum plasmas

    Författare :Shahid Ali; Padma Kant Shukla; Mattias Marklund; Jose Tito Mendonca; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum mechanical effects; dusty plasma; linear and nonlinear waves; instabilities; nonlinear wave interactions; density gradients; magnetoplasmas.; Plasma physics; Plasmafysik;

    Sammanfattning : The study of waves and instabilities in quantum plasmas is of fundamental importance for understanding collective interactions in superdense astrophysical objects, in high intense laser-plasma/solid-matter interactions, in microelectronic devices and metallic nanostructures. In dense quantum plasmas, there are new pressure laws associated with the Fermi-Dirac distribution functions and new quantum forces associated with the quantum Bohm potential and the Bohr magnetization involving electron ½ spin. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nonlinear Dust Particle Dynamics and Collective Effects in Complex Plasmas

    Författare :Gianfranco Sorasio; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Physics; Complex Dusty Plasmas; Self excited; Nonlinear; Forced Oscillations; Electrostatic Instabilities in current-carrying magnetoplasmas; Cross-field instabilities in magnetized dusty plasmas; Dust Acoustic Waves; Electrostatic Dust Cyclotron Waves; Fysik; Physics; Fysik; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Theoretical studies of dusty plasmas have been performed by focusing attention principally on collective phenomena and on grain motion. This thesis consists of a collection of seven published papers that explore both the collective behavior of a complex plasma system as well as the dynamics of grains in plasmas. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Radio waves in the ionosphere : Propagation, generation and detection

    Författare :Tobia Carozzi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Astronomy; Astronomi; Astronomy and astrophysics; Astronomi och astrofysik; Space Physics; rymdfysik;

    Sammanfattning : We discuss various topics concerning the propagation, generation, and detec-tionof high-frequency (HF) radio waves in the Earth's ionosphere. With re-gardsto propagation, we derive a full wave Hamiltonian and a polarization evo-lutionequation for electromagnetic waves in a cold, stratified magnetoplasma. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Wave interactions by Hamiltonian methods

    Författare :Krister Wiklund; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Hamiltonian formulation; wave interaction; stability; variational principles;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is devoted to the description of fluids and gases from a Hamiltonian point of view. The method we apply is a development of the theory invented by Hamilton (1805-1865). The original formulation is restricted to a certain family of dynamical variables; the canonical variables. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Generation of magnetic fields in plasmas

    Författare :Nitin Shukla; Gert Brodin; Dusan Jovanovic; Umeå universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : Relativistic and non-relativistic plasma outflows are quite ubiquitous in astrophysical scenarios, as well as in laboratory plasmas. The propagation of relativistic and non- relativistic charged particle beams in background plasmas provides return currents in the opposite direction and interactions between the currents then drive several plasma instabilities involving the longitudinal (electrostatic instabilities) and trans- verse (electromagnetic instability) modes. LÄS MER