Sökning: "lumbar"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 187 avhandlingar innehållade ordet lumbar.

  1. 1. On lumbar spine stabilization

    Författare :Paul Axelsson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kirurgi; orthopaedics; traumatology; Surgery; lumbar orthosis.; external pedicular fixation; adjacent segment; intervertebral mobility; Posterolateral lumbar fusion; roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : 71 consecutive posterolateral lumbar fusions without decompression or internal fixation were evaluated with a mean follow-up time of 3.5 (2-7) years. The diagnoses were spondylolysis-olisthesis in 43 cases, degenerative disc disease and/or facet joint arthrosis in 16 cases and pain post laminectomy/ decompression in 12 cases. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Lumbar spinal stenosis : Body mass index and the patient's perspective

    Författare :Björn Knutsson; Karl Michaëlsson; Bengt Sandén; Göran Sjödén; Paul Gerdhem; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antonovsky; back pain; BMI; body mass index; Bygghalsan; cohort study; coping; EQ-5D; excess weight; leg pain; LSS; lumbar spinal stenosis; obesity; ODI Oswestry disability index; overweight; patient-centered; patient-physician relationship; patient-perspective; patient-related-outcome-measure; PROMs; qualitative study; spinal stenosis; salutogenesis; salutogenic; sciatica; spine surgery; suffering; Swedish spine register; Swespine; VAS; weight loss; weight change; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi;

    Sammanfattning : During recent decades, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has become the most common indication for spine surgery, a change that coincides with a higher worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity. Thus, surgical treatment of LSS in the overweight and obese population is common and increasing in scope. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Long-Term Outcome of Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

    Författare :Anders Möller; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Medicin människa och djur ; Schmorl s nodes; Thoracic; Disc degeneration; Adolescents; Children; Lumbar; Burst fractures; Non-operative; Long-term outcome; Vertebral fractures;

    Sammanfattning : From the radiographic archives at the Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden, we identified children below age 16 years (n=74) and adolescents between 16 to 18 years (n=40) with a clinically and radiographically diagnosed thoracic or lumbar vertebral fracture between 1950 to 1971 (with exception of two years of missing radiographs), and all adults above age 18 years (n=39) with a non-operatively treated thoracic or lumbar burst fracture during the years 1965 to 1973. Fractures were classified according to Denis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lumbar disc herniation surgery

    Författare :Fredrik Strömqvist; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :Lumbar disc herniation surgery; outcome; PROMs; gender differences;

    Sammanfattning : Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) most commonly affects individuals in their early forties but can occur at any age. In most instances,the initial treatment is non-surgical and a clear majority of the patients recover with this management. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Corticosteroids in Lumbar Disc Surgery

    Författare :Anders Lundin; Olle Nilsson; Björn Rydevik; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; lumbar disc heniation; corticosteroids; outcome; thermal quantitative sensory testing; QST; VAS; disability rating index; DRI; microscopic discectomy; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : In a prospective randomised double-blind study eighty patients with MRI verified lumbar disc herniation and corresponding clinical findings underwent microscopic disc removal. The patients were peroperatively given systemic and local corticosteroids or placebo, and followed for 2 years. LÄS MER