Sökning: "long-range correlation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 17 avhandlingar innehållade orden long-range correlation.

  1. 1. Spectra and Dynamics of Excitations in Long-Range Correlated Structures

    Författare :Lars Kroon; Rolf Riklund; Magnus Johansson; Jeroen Lamb; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quasicrystals; deterministic aperiodic superlattices; Markov chains; electronic structure and diffusion; elastic vibrations; Fraunhofer diffraction; discrete solitons; phase transitions; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Vad karaktäriserar en kristall? Svaret på denna till synes enkla fråga blir kanske att det är en anordning av atomer uppradade i periodiska mönster. Så ordnade strukturer kan studeras genom att det uppträder så kallade Braggtoppar i röntgendiffraktionsmönstret. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Bound by long-range interactions: Molecular crystals and benzene on Cu(111)

    Författare :Kristian Berland; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; DFT; diffusion barriers; sparse matter; platonic hydrocarbons; molecular crystals; van der Waals density functional vdW-DF ; van der Waals forces; London-dispersion forces; self-assembly; hexamine; molecular overlayers; electronic structure; Friedel oscillations; soft matter; surface-mediated interactions; physiosorption;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates molecular systems bound by long-range interactions. Westudy molecular crystals held together by van der Waals forces and the physisorption of benzene (Bz) on Cu(111). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Molecular Electronics : A Theoretical Study of Electronic Structure of Bulk and Interfaces

    Författare :Mikael Unge; Sven Stafström; Mads Brandbyge; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; molecular electronics; electron transport; disorder; localization; long-range correlation; organometallic magnets; interface dipole; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with theoretical studies of the electronic structure of molecules used in the context of molecular electronics. Both studies with model Hamiltonians and first principle calculations have been performed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Elemental composition of fine particles: exposure in the general population and influence from different sources

    Författare :Peter Molnár; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :particulate matter; PM2.5; PM1; ultrafine particles; trace elements; personal exposure; X-ray fluorescence XRF ; indoor levels; air mass back trajectories; long-range transport; domestic wood burning;

    Sammanfattning : The general population is exposed to particulate air pollution from many different local and regional sources. Examples of local sources are traffic, biomass burning and resuspended dust, while regional sources are dominated by combustion processes from heating, traffic and industries. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Regional and local surface ozone variations in relation to meteorological conditions in Sweden

    Författare :Lin Tang; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :LWTs; surface ozone; high-ozone events; long-range transport; TAPM; MM5; NOx-O3; Sweden;

    Sammanfattning : Air quality is strongly dependent on meteorological conditions. Atmospheric circulation encapsulates general information about local meteorological variables to some extent, and can serve as an explanatory variable for air quality at a regional or local scale. LÄS MER