Sökning: "local level"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1667 avhandlingar innehållade orden local level.

  1. 1. Public Procurement at the Local Government Level : Actor roles, discretion and constraints in the implementation of public transport goals

    Författare :Lisa Hansson; Jenny Palm; Stig Montin; Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Tender; Contract; Decision process; Administration; Planning; Public transport; Local authority; Public procurement; Competitive tendering; Local government; Implementation; Public transport; Principal–Agent theory; Discretion; Public administration; Offentlig upphandling; Implementering; Kollektivtrafik; Principal-Agent teori; Handlingsutrymme; Lokal nivå; Offentlig förvaltning; INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS; TVÄRVETENSKAPLIGA FORSKNINGSOMRÅDEN; Railway: Economics; Railway: Economics; Road: Economics; Road: Economics;

    Sammanfattning : The overall purpose of this thesis is to gain further knowledge of how the Swedish local government level is affected by requirements to use public procurement through competitive tendering and, more specifically, understand the actions taken by included actors when public procurement is required in implementation of public transport goals. Through case study method, an in specific process tracing, various implementation processes have been examined. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Local public expenditure : Equality, quality and growth

    Författare :Emelie Värja; Linda Andersson; Lars Hultkrantz; Niklas Jakobsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Sports; growth; spatial econometrics; day activity service programs; intellectual disabilities; regional differences; local expenditure; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : The focus of this dissertation is local government expenditure, where growth, quality, and equality is in the center of attention Essay 1: Sports and Local Growth in Sweden: Is a Sports Team Good for Local Economic Growth? The purpose of Essay 1 is to analyzethe effect of professional sports on the municipality’s tax base. I find no indications of a positive effect on the growth rate of per capita income from having a team in the top series. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Local Sea Level Observations Using Reflected GNSS Signals

    Författare :Johan Löfgren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :GNSS-R; signal-to-noise ratio; sea level; GNSS; reflected signals; multipath; GPS; GLONASS; tide gauge; phase-delay;

    Sammanfattning : Sea level rise due to global warming is predicted to have a large impact on human society, especially for populations living in coastal regions and on islands. It is therefore of great importance to monitor the sea level and to increase the understanding of the local hydrodynamic and meteorological responses to a global sea level rise. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Cascading extinctions in food webs : local and regional processes

    Författare :Anna Eklöf; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Cascading extinctions; complexity; connectance; dispersal; food web; local dynamics; regional dynamics; resistance; spatial structure; species loss;

    Sammanfattning : Ecological communities all over the world are loosing biodiversity due to different kinds of human activities and there is an urgent need of understanding how those losses affect the function of the ecosystems on which we all depend. The community's response to species losses is likely to depend on both the structure of the local community as well as its interactions with surrounding communities. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Switch-Level Fault Simulation Based on Local Algorithms

    Författare :Peter Dahlgren; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :switch level; fault propagation; fault simulation; physical fault injection; short faults; stuck-at faults; fault modeling; transients; self-checking circuits; multiple dominance;

    Sammanfattning : The presence of realistic faults in CMOS networks, such as shorts and opens, frequently gives rise to intermediate voltage values. At the switch level, these values result in undetermined logic states (X) which are likely to propagate to the outputs, causing uncertainty in the estimation of test set efficiency. LÄS MER