Sökning: "local genetic variation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 96 avhandlingar innehållade orden local genetic variation.

  1. 1. Advances in studying the role of genetic divergence and recombination in adaptation in non-model species

    Författare :Ramprasad Neethiraj; Christopher Wheat; Sören Nylin; Mathieu Joron; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Recombination; Genetic divergence; Lepidoptera; Genetic variation; Genetic diversity; Holocentric chromosomes; cis-regulatory variation; Allele-specific expression; populationsgenetik; Population Genetics;

    Sammanfattning : Understanding the role of genetic divergence and recombination in adaptation is crucial to understanding the evolutionary potential of species since they can directly affect the levels of genetic variation present within populations or species. Genetic variation in the functional parts of the genome such as exons or regulatory regions is the raw material for evolution, because natural selection can only operate on phenotypic variation already present in the population. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Genetic variation and sexual reproduction in a moss with dwarf males, Homalothecium lutescens

    Författare :Frida Rosengren; Biodiversitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; bryophytes; mosses; dwarf males; sexual reproduction; genetic variation; genetic structure; inbreeding; isozymes; allozymes; SNP; sporophytes; spore; fertilization; fertility;

    Sammanfattning : Dwarf males occur in many unrelated groups of organisms. Among land plants they are unique to mosses. Moss dwarf males originate from male spores that land and germinate on the female where their final size is restricted to a few mm. Fertilization in mosses occur over short distances with swimming spermatozoids. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Genetic adaptation to soil acidification in four grasses

    Författare :Pernilla Göransson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Växtekologi; Plant ecology; Deschampsia flexuosa; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elymus caninus; Poa nemoralis; arbuscular mycorrhiza; stress; tolerance; genetic variation; local adaptation; Al; Soil acidification; pH;

    Sammanfattning : Soil acidification has become a source of serious concern in many parts of the world. In southern Sweden, the deposition of acidifying substances, such as nitrogen and sulphur compounds, has decreased the mean pH of forest soils by almost one unit since the 1950s. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Geographic variation in life cycles : Local adaptation and ecological genetics in a temperate butterfly

    Författare :Olle Lindestad; Karl Gotthard; Sören Nylin; Christopher W Wheat; Greg Ragland; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; voltinism; local adaptation; insect; life cycle; seasonality; genomics; life history; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Conditions in nature change with the seasons, necessitating seasonal adaptations that synchronize the life cycles of organisms with their surroundings. Such regulatory adaptations must vary between populations to track local variation in climate and seasonality; this local adaptation is facilitated by locally specific seasonal cues, but may be hampered by gene flow and genetic history. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Ecological drivers and genetic signatures of evolutionary divergence and local adaptation in pike (Esox lucius)

    Författare :Johanna Sunde; Anders Forsman; Anssi Laurila; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; adaptation; differentiation; Esox lucius; evolution; gene flow; genetic admixture; genetic structure; microsatellites; pike; RADseq; salinity tolerance; temperature tolerance; Ecology; Ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : The diversity among species, populations, and individuals in nature is astonishing. Genetic and phenotypic variation constitutes the raw material for evolution. It influences how populations respond to changing environments, and can impact long-term survival of species and ecosystem functioning. LÄS MER