Sökning: "lifetime risk"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 173 avhandlingar innehållade orden lifetime risk.

  1. 1. Risk and Rationality : Effects of contextual risk and cognitive dissonance on (sexual) incentives

    Författare :Andréa Mannberg; Karl-Gustaf Löfgren; Magnus Johannesson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HIV AIDS; Health risk; Uncertainty; Risk aversion; Self-Control; Time-inconsistency; Cognitive dissonance; Regret; Norms; Social identity; Economics; Nationalekonomi; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : Paper [I] theoretically analyzes how the level and uncertainty of future prospects affect incentives to abstain from sexual risk taking in the presence of HIV. The results suggest that, for individuals with limited access to HIV treatment, uncertainty of future health may be an important factor driving unsafe sex practices and support the empirical finding of a weak link between sexual behavior, HIV prevalence, and HIV knowledge in poor countries; therefore suggesting that AIDS policy needs to be calibrated in order to fit within different social contexts. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cancer Risk Assessment of Glycidol : Evaluation of a Multiplicative Risk Model for Genotoxic Compounds

    Författare :Jenny Aasa; Margareta Törnqvist; Elaine M. Faustman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; glycidol; 3-monochloropropane-1; 2-diol 3-MCPD ; genotoxicity; mutations; micronuclei; hemoglobin adducts; in vivo dose; multiplicative risk model; cancer risk assessment; human cancer risk; miljökemi; Environmental Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Humans are exposed to chemical compounds in everyday life, both from the environment and from endogenous processes. Some compounds constitute a risk for cancer development. One such compound is glycidol, which is genotoxic and an animal carcinogen. It is the model compound of this work, partly due to its presence in food. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Hip fracture - Mortality and residual lifetime risk of fractures

    Författare :My von Friesendorff; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hip fracture; women; men; sex; age; survival; mortality; subsequent fracture; fracture risk; residual lifetime; cause of death; long term;

    Sammanfattning : Hip fracture is the most severe clinical manifestation of bone fragility. Hip fracture predominantly affects an already frail population and is associated with multi-cause morbidity and high mortality. Improved knowledge of long-term outcome is essential in order to improve future care and prevention of both fracture and its complications. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mental ill-health in childbearing women : Markers and risk factors

    Författare :Anne-Marie Wangel; Malmö högskola; []
    Nyckelord :markers; mental ill-health; pregnancy; psychiatric inpatient care; risk factors;

    Sammanfattning : The awareness of mental health problems in women of reproductive age has increased worldwide in the recent decades. Much research has focused on symptoms of depression in women and the risk of postpartum depression, as a factor of attachment problems and adverse health effects on the newborn and growing child. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On lifetime violent criminality in a Swedish forensic psychiatric cohort

    Författare :Hedvig Krona; Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; forensic psychiatry; violent crime; lifetime criminality; mental disorders; crime prediction; Risk Assessment; SPECT-MRI- optical imaging;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER