Sökning: "lifetime measurements"

Visar resultat 21 - 25 av 170 avhandlingar innehållade orden lifetime measurements.

  1. 21. Lidar Measurements of Polar Stratospheric Clouds in the Arctic

    Författare :Peggy Achtert; Farahnaz Khosrawi; Jörg Gumbel; Richard Collins; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Atmospheric Sciences and Oceanography; atmosfärvetenskap och oceanografi;

    Sammanfattning : Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSCs) play a key role for ozone depletion in the polar stratosphere. Its magnitude depends on the type of PSC and its lifetime and extent. This thesis presents PSC observations conducted with the Esrange lidar and the space-borne CALIPSO lidar.PSCs are separated into three types according to their optical properties. LÄS MER

  2. 22. Indirect measurements for control and diagnostics of IC engines

    Författare :Roger Johansson; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Teknisk akustik; Engineering Acoustics;

    Sammanfattning : The combustion process in internal combustion engines determines engine power, fuel consumption, exhaust emissions and combustion noise. Measurement and analysis of in-cylinder pressure plays an important role in the improvement and optimization of engine performance. LÄS MER

  3. 23. Time-Resolved Spectroscopy and Intensity Measurements of Singly Charged Ions

    Författare :Erik Bäckström; Sven Mannervik; Andreas Wolf; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physics; fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is mainly concerned with investigations of spontaneous radiatively decaying states in both negative and positive singly charged ions. When possible, the measured lifetime of the state has been combined with branching fractions in order to derive the absolute transition probability (A-value) between different quantum states. LÄS MER

  4. 24. Electronic Energy Transfer within Asymmetric Pairs of Fluorophores: Partial Donor-Donor Energy Migration (PDDEM)

    Författare :Stanislav Kalinin; Lennart B.-Å. Johansson; Helge Lemmetyinen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physical chemistry; fluorescence resonance energy transfer FRET ; donor-donor energy migration DDEM ; homotransfer; fluorescence relaxation; lifetimes; time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy; time-correlated single photon counting; distance measurements; protein structure; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry; fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : A kinetic model of electronic energy migration within pairs of photophysically non-identical fluorophores has been developed. The model applies to fluorescent groups that exhibit different photophysical and spectral properties when attached to different positions in a macromolecule. LÄS MER

  5. 25. Emittance related topics for fourth generation storage ring light sources

    Författare :Jonas Breunlin; Lunds universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ultralow emittance; Touschek lifetime; emittance tuning; Beam diagnostics; synchrotron radiation;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis several aspects related to a new generation of storage ring light sources are discussed. Due to a reduction of electron beam emittance, fourth generation storage rings provide synchrotron radiation sources close to the diffraction limit at X-ray wavelengths. LÄS MER