Sökning: "legal philosophy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 56 avhandlingar innehållade orden legal philosophy.

  1. 1. Legal Interpretation and Standards of Proof : Essays in Philosophy of Law and Evidence Law Theory

    Författare :Sebastián Reyes Molina; Sebastian Lutz; Jens Johansson; Verónica Rodríguez-Blanco; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; law; legal interpretation; evidence; legal evidence; proof; philosophy of law; legal theory; general jurisprudence; standards of proof; philosophy; legal reasoning; evidential reasoning; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation addresses the issues of the indeterminacy of law and judicial discretion in the decision of the quaestio facti. It is composed of four papers:In the first paper, I develop an account of legal indeterminacy called the ‘systemic indeterminacy’ thesis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ethics of Imprisonment : Essays in Criminal Justice Ethics

    Författare :William Bülow; Till Grüne-Yanoff; Göran Duus-Otterström; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Collateral Harms; Communicative Theory of Punishment; Consequentialism; Criminal Justice Ethics; Doctrine of Double Effect; Electronic Monitoring; Imprisonment; Legal Punishment; Moral Education Theory of Punishment; Privacy; Philosophy of Punishment; Retributivism; Philosophy; Filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : This licentiate thesis consists of three essays which all concern the ethics of imprisonment and what constitutes an ethically defensible treatment of criminal offenders.Paper 1 defends the claim that prisoners have a right to privacy. I argue that the right to privacy is important because of its connection to moral agency. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Advance Directives and Personal Identity

    Författare :Elisabeth Furberg; Niklas Juth; Torbjörn Tännsjö; Wayne Sumner; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; advance directives; personal identity; psychological continuity; animalism; posthumous harm; moral authority; rights; utilitarianism; Practical Philosophy; praktisk filosofi; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : Advance directives are instructions given by patients – or potential patients – specifying what actions ought to be taken for their health in the event that they are no longer capable to make decisions due to illness or incapacity. Over the last decades, there has been a rising tide in favour of advance directives: not only is the use of such directives recommended by most medical and advisory bodies, they are also gaining increasing legal recognition in many parts of the world. LÄS MER

  4. 4. A Call for Scientific Purity : Axel Hägerström's Critique of Legal Science

    Författare :Max Lyles; Claes Peterson; Marie Sandström; Heikki Pihlajamäki; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Legal history; Axel Hägerström 1868-1939 ; Uppsala School; Scandinavian Legal Realism; philosophy; anti-metaphysics; anti-subjectivism; legal philosophy; legal science; legal positivism; legal realism; Begriffsjurisprudenz; natural law; Sweden; Legal history; Rättshistoria; Historia; History;

    Sammanfattning : The subject matter of this study forms an analysis of Axel Hägerström’s (1868-1939) theories of law and legal science - ideas that were formative both for the Uppsala School and Scandinavian Legal Realism. By means of a close analysis of Hägerström’s epistemology and ontology, the general principles of his theory of science have been outlined, especially the marked stance of anti-metaphysics (anti-subjectivism), the logical notion of reality, and the application of conceptual analyses. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Virtue Ethics, Bioethics, and the Ownership of Biological Material

    Författare :Barbro Björkman; Sven Ove Hansson; Brad Hooker; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Biological material; ownership; rights; organ; donation; property; commodification; kidney; virtue ethics; natural rights; transplantation; transplant; social organisation; Philosophy subjects; Filosofiämnen;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis is to show how some ideas in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics can be interpreted and used as a productive way to approach a number of pressing issues in bioethics. Articles I-II introduce, and endorse, a social constructivist perspective on rights (as opposed to the more traditional natural rights idea). LÄS MER