Sökning: "kroppstemperatur"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 18 avhandlingar innehållade ordet kroppstemperatur.

  1. 1. Avian thermoregulation across age and seasons

    Författare :Fredrik Andreasson; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ambient temperature; body temperature; Cyanistes caeruleus; energy expenditure; hypothermia; life-history theory; metabolic rate; Parus major; thermoregulation; trade-off; winter ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Animals constantly need to relate to prevailing environmental conditions and regulate their body temperature accordingly. Body temperature regulation in birds and mammals is inherently linked to energy expenditure and, thus, thermoregulation is a physiological mechanism that could trade-off with other costly processes, with potential long-term fitness consequences. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cooling and dopamine

    Författare :Roger Roscher; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology; electrophysiology; cooling; Hypothermia; swine; lung transplantation; organ preservation; dopamine; circulation; contractility; oxygenation; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Sammanfattning : There is little knowledge about the circulatory effects of dopamine in hypothermia. Induced hypothermia has been shown to improve outcome in various settings. Hypothermia is also used for preservation of organs that are harvested for transplantation. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Micro- and macroevolutionary aspects of body size diversification and thermal adaptation in insects

    Författare :John Waller; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :Evolution; body size; Insects; dragonflies; damselflies; Odonata; Comparative methods; fossils;

    Sammanfattning : Body size and body temperature are the two most important traits in biology. In this thesis I show how these twovariables have shaped the evolution of insects over the last 300 million years. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Severe Hemodilution - Clinical and Experimental Studies

    Författare :Valéria Perez de Sá; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; shivering; critical oxygen delivery; oxygen consumption; child; dextran; hypothermia; hemodilution; anemia; Anaesthesiology; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård; lactates;

    Sammanfattning : In children, it is often desirable to minimize allogenic blood transfusion, and this thesis explores the physiology of an alternative method of managing perioperative blood loss: hemodilution with Ringer´s dextran. Methods Clinical studies: Arterial pressure, superior caval venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and blood lactate concentration (L) were studied during bone marrow harvesting (BMH) on 23 occasions in 19 children, 1-17 years of age, with healthy hearts and lungs. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Survival of Cultured and Grafted Embryonic Dopaminergic Neurones - Effects of hypothermia and prevention of oxidative stress

    Författare :Jenny Karlsson; Neurobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurology; 6-OHDA; lazaroid; PBN; brain; transplant; Parkinson s disease; dopamine; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Transplantation of embryonic dopaminergic neurones can ameliorate symptoms in Parkinson’s disease, but a major obstacle for clinical transplantations to overcome is the low survival (typically 5-10%) of implanted nigral neurones. If cell death in nigral grafts can be prevented, less embryonic tissue would be needed per transplantation session and hence more patients could receive intracerebral grafts as a therapy for Parkinson’s disease. LÄS MER