Sökning: "kraft pulp and paper mill"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade orden kraft pulp and paper mill.
1. Anaerobic digestion in the kraft pulp and paper industry : Challenges and possibilities for implementation
Sammanfattning : The pulp and paper industry is a large producer of wastewater and sludge, putting high pressure on waste treatment. In addition, more rigorous environmental legislation for pollution control and demands to increase the use of renewable energy have put further pressure on the pulp and paper industry’s waste treatment, where anaerobic digestion (AD) and the production of methane could pose a solution. LÄS MER
2. Analysing different technology pathways for the pulp and paper industry in a European energy systems perspective
Sammanfattning : For the pulp and paper industry (PPI), earlier research has shown that there are many technology pathways, proven and new, available for improvement of energy efficiency and additional sales of (new) products. Some pathways can only be implemented in kraft mills, e.g. black liquor gasification (BLG), but some can be implemented industry-wide, e. LÄS MER
3. Energy Export Opportunities from Kraft Pulp and Paper Mills and Resulting Reductions in Global CO2 Emissions
Sammanfattning : With increasing energy prices and increasing demand for CO2-lean energy sources, energy savings in the pulp and paper industry become ever more relevant. Significant energy savings in kraft mills can be made by e.g. improved heat integration and installation of an energy-efficient evaporation plant. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Large scale, sustainable production of ethanol biofuel will most likely require commercialization of processes using lignocellulosic raw materials. To date no commercial plant exists however, due to the difficulties in reaching production costs that can compete with 1st generation ethanol and fossil fuels. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Kraft pulping is the dominant pulping process used in the world today. The material efficiency in modern kraft pulp mills is, however, only 40−55% and the final product consists mainly of cellulose. Recently, a novel process called “LignoBoost” has been introduced to separate lignin from kraft black liquor. LÄS MER