Sökning: "ion-ion correlation"

Hittade 4 avhandlingar innehållade orden ion-ion correlation.

  1. 1. Theoretical Investigations of the Role of Ion-Ion Correlations and Ion-Specific Interactions in Electric Double Layers

    Författare :Erik Wernersson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Electric double layers; Electrolyte solutions; Ion-ion correlations; Dispersion forces; Colloidal interactions; Charge inversion; Continuum models;

    Sammanfattning : Electric double layers are ubiquitous, arising in some form in almost every situation involving an interface with an aqueous electrolyte solution. In order to gain insight into the behavior of electrolytes and electric double layers, simple models of bulk and inhomogeneous electrolyte solutions are considered in this thesis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Design of Cellulose-based Materials by Supramolecular Assemblies

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Tobias Benselfelt; KTH.; KTH.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Adhesion; adsorption; alginate; assemblies; biodegradable; biomaterials; biopolymers; cellulose; cellulose nanofibrils; CNFs; gas barrier; hemicellulose; interfaces; ion-ion correlation; latex; layer-by-layer; metal-ligand complexes; montmorillonite; multivalent ions; packaging; PISA; polyelectrolyte multilayers; polyelectrolytes; polysaccharides; RAFT; renewable; specific ion effects; supramolecular; surfaces; sustainable; thin films; water-resilient; xyloglucan; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Due to climate change and plastic pollution, there is an increasing demand for bio-based materials with similar properties to those of common plastics yet biodegradable. In this respect, cellulose is a strong candidate that is already being refined on a large industrial scale, but the properties differ significantly from those of common plastics in terms of shapeability and water-resilience. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Double Layer Forces: the Role of Molecular Solvents

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Luis Pegado; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2010]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Dielectric continuum model; molecular solvent; Stockmayer fluid; electrical double layer; ion-ion correlations; Monte Carlo simulations; thermodynamic modeling; pressure curves; interaction free energy; packing effects;

    Sammanfattning : The dielectric continuum model has rightfully been and continues to be a major workhorse for theory and modelling in Surface and Colloid Chemistry. Due to the implicit description of water, entering only as a scaling constant for charge-charge interactions, one would not expect it to work for short distances. LÄS MER

  4. 4. A step forward in using QSARs for regulatory hazard and exposure assessment of chemicals

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå University

    Författare :Aleksandra Rybacka; Umeå universitet.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; QSAR; in silico; non-testing tools; risk assessment; exposure assessment; hazard assessment; carcinogenicity; mutagenicity; reproductive toxicity; endocrine disruption; estrogen; androgen; transthyretin; sorption; Environmental Science; miljövetenskap; Computer Science; datalogi; Toxicology; toxikologi; Statistics; statistik;

    Sammanfattning : According to the REACH regulation chemicals produced or imported to the European Union need to be assessed to manage the risk of potential hazard to human health and the environment. An increasing number of chemicals in commerce prompts the need for utilizing faster and cheaper alternative methods for this assessment, such as quantitative structure-activity or property relationships (QSARs or QSPRs). LÄS MER