Sökning: "invaliditet"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade ordet invaliditet.

  1. 1. Acute sports injuries in Sweden and their possible prevention : an epidemiological study using insurance data

    Författare :Malin Åman; Karin Larsén; Magnus Forssblad; Jerker Sandelin; Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; permanent medical impairment; severe injuries; knee injury; dental; eye injury; football; handball; ice hockey; floorball; basketball; motorcycle; automobile sports; incidence of acute injury; invaliditet; allvarliga skador; idrottsskada; försäkringsdata; knäskada; prevention; fotboll; innebandy; handboll; ishockey; basket; motorcykel; bilsport; tandskada; ögonskada; Medicin Teknik; Medicine Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Physical activity is an essential component of a healthy life, e.g. to prevent obesity, cardiovascular disease and premature death, of which sports can be an important part. Unfortunately, sports activities increase the risk of both overuse and acute injuries. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Effects of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs on macrophage signal transduction and the induction of proinflammatory cytokines

    Författare :Jan Bondeson; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Skeleton; zymosan; tumor necrosis factor; tenidap; sulfasalazine; rheumatoid arthritis; quinacrine; phospholipase A2; penicillamine; methotrexate; macrophage; lipopolysaccharide; interleukin 1; hydroxychloroquine; gold compounds; chloroquine; aurothiomalate; Antirheumatic drugs; auranofin; arachidonate; muscle system; rheumatology locomotion; Skelett; muskelsystem; reumatologi; Pharmacological sciences; pharmacognosy; pharmacy; toxicology; Farmakologi; farmakognosi; farmaci; toxikologi;

    Sammanfattning : Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is probably the most common source of treatable disability in the Western world. There are several disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), which have proven to be of therapeutic efficacy in RA, but the lack of a potent, reliable treatment for early RA is a major problem in modern medicine. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Risk factors for falls and fractures in elderly women. The Malmö OPRA study

    Författare :Paul Gerdhem; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Fysiologi; Physiology; muskelsystem; Skelett; muscle system; Skeleton; Falls.; Vitamin D; Bone turnover markers; Frail elderly; Body weight; Physical activity; Osteoporosis; Fractures; Bone density; reumatologi; rheumatology locomotion;

    Sammanfattning : Approximately half of all women will sustain a fracture after the age of 50. Fractures may cause long-term disability and excess mortality. Identifying individuals at high risk of sustaining a fracture is important in the development of primary and secondary prevention strategies. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury and Cell Death - in vivo and in vitro aspects

    Författare :Gustav Mattiasson; Sektion IV; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neurofysiologi; neuropsychology; Neurology; uncoupling protein; mitochondrial permeability transition; cerebral blood flow; functional outcome; cell death; mitochondria; hippocampus; preconditioning; trauma; Brain; ischemia; neuropsykologi; Neurologi; neurophysiology;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic and ischemic brain damage are major causes of disability and death. While much effort has been spent on developing pharmacological treatments for these conditions, no neuroprotective drugs are in clinical use. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Severe Head Injury. Evaluation of Acute Treatment and Rehabilitation

    Författare :Christer Eker; Neurokirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi; cerebral blood flow; neuropsychological test; assessment of motor and process skills; rehabilitation; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; intracranial pressure; Severe head injury; intensive care;

    Sammanfattning : Mortality after severe head injury can be considerably reduce with a therapy using physiological principles for brain volume regulation and preserved microcirculation, with the main purpose of restricting the rise in ICP to reasonable levels simultaneously with preservation of adequate blood supply. This study shows that the ?Lund Concept? can reduce mortality in patients with severe traumatic brain lesions from 47% to 8%. LÄS MER