Sökning: "intracranial volume"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 33 avhandlingar innehållade orden intracranial volume.

  1. 1. Analysis of Human Brain MRI Contributions to Regional Volume Studies

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Richard Nordenskjöld; Uppsala universitet.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MRI; Brain; Volume; Hemisphere; Intracranial volume; Image analysis; Datoriserad bildanalys; Computerized Image Analysis;

    Sammanfattning : Many disorders are associated with regional brain volumes. The analysis of these volumes from MR images often requires sequential processing steps such as localization and delineation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Intracranial volume in neuroimaging: estimation and use in regional brain volume normalization

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborgs universitet

    Författare :Niklas Klasson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; magnetic resonance imaging; intracranial volume; normalization;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis is to validate methods for estimation of intracranial volume in magnetic resonance images and to improve our understanding of the effect of intracranial volume normalization. To achieve the first part of the aim, 62 gold standard estimates of intracranial volume were generated by manually segmenting 1. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The search for reversibility of Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus Aspects on intracranial pressure measurments and CSF volume alteration

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Farmakologi och klinisk neurovetenskap

    Författare :Niklas Lenfeldt; Umeå universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus; intracranial pressure; subcortical ischemia; neuronal integrity; cortical activation.; infusion test; cerebrospinal fluid dynamics; outflow resistance; compliance; elastance; proton spectroscopy; functional MRI; external lumbar drainage; MEDICINE Dermatology and venerology; clinical genetics; internal medicine Internal medicine Neurology; MEDICIN Dermatologi och venerologi; klinisk genetik; invärtesmedicin Invärtesmedicin Neurologi;

    Sammanfattning : BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is still a syndrome generating more questions than answers. Today, research focuses mainly on two areas: understanding the pathophysiology – especially how the malfunctioning CSF system affects the brain parenchyma – and finding better methods to select patients benefiting from a shunt operation. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Source localisation of epileptiform activity in epilepsy of temporal lobe origin

    Detta är en avhandling från Clinical Neurophysiology

    Författare :Göran Lantz; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1997]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; frequency analysis; ictal; singe photon emission computed tomography; volume conduction; extracranial; intracranial; LORETA; dipole; source localisation; epilepsy; mesolimbic; Fast Fourier Transform; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : In patients with drug resistant partial epilepsy, who are under consideration for epilepsy surgery, interictal and ictal EEG recorded with extracranial electrodes plays an important role in the localisation of the seizure onset area. During the past years, methods have been developed, which can be used to estimate the location of the source of epileptiform activity in the brain from extracranial EEG data. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cerebral blood flow and intracranial pulsatility studied with MRI measurement, physiological and pathophysiological aspects

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Anders Wåhlin; Umeå universitet.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Arterial Pulsatility; cerebrospinal fluid; cerebral blood flow; venous flow; intracranial pressure; pulse pressure; dementia; hippocampus; multiple sclerosis; magnetic resonance imaging; radiofysik; radiofysik;

    Sammanfattning : During each cardiac cycle pulsatile arterial blood inflates the vascular bed of the brain, forcing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and venous blood out of the cranium. Excessive arterial pulsatility may be part of a harmful mechanism causing cognitive decline among elderly. LÄS MER