Sökning: "intestinal obstruction"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 18 avhandlingar innehållade orden intestinal obstruction.

  1. 1. Membrane transport and the human small intestine : Relation to mucosal protection, intestinal anaphylaxis and nitric oxide

    Författare :Tina W. Knutson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; albumin; bicarbonate secretion; carbonic anhydrase; dopamine; duodenum; histamine; humans; hyaluronan; intestinal anaphylaxis; intestinal obstruction; jejunum; lidocaine; LOC-I-GUT; nitecapone; nitric oxide; potential difference; prostaglandins; segmental intestinal perfusion; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology;

    Sammanfattning : The tightly adherent monolayer of epithelial cells that line the luminal side of the intestine provides a dynamic and highly regulated barrier to the passive and active transport of ions, water and macromolecules. Cathecol-O-methyl transferase inhibition prevents tissue degradation of catecholaminesincluding dopamine and intracellular carbonic anhydrase activity is an important regulator of ion and water transport in the small intestine. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Crohn's disease with special reference to intestinal malabsorption : a clinical study based on patients from northern Sweden

    Författare :Henry Nyhlin; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Crohn s disease; intestinal absorption tests; muscle electrolytes; intestinal mucosa; terminal ileal function; SeHCAT;

    Sammanfattning : Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease which may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract with a preference for the terminal ileum and ileocaecal region. The disease was first described in 1932 and has increased during the last decades. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors : Clinical Studies, Novel Serum Biomarkers and Sensitivity to Cytotoxic and Targeted Agents

    Författare :Kosmas Daskalakis; Peter Stålberg; Per Hellman; Olov Norlén; Robert Bränström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SI-NET; fibrosis; locoregional surgery; liver transplantation; biomarkers; ex vivo sensitivity.;

    Sammanfattning : Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors (SI-NETs) are indolent neoplasms with an increasing annual incidence of approximately 1/100 000 people. They are often diagnosed at a late stage, restricting treatment efficacy. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Kronisk intestinal pseudo-obstruktion och enteral dysmotilitet : Aspekter på patienters vårdbehov, förutsättningar och livskvalitet

    Författare :Marie Iwarzon; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction; coping; delivery of health care; enteric dysmotility; health-related quality of life; manometry; nutrition; patient care team; signs and symptoms; survival;

    Sammanfattning : Title: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and enteric dysmotitlity aspects on patients health-care use, coping capacity and quality of life Aims of the thesis: To measure health care consumption before and after the introduction of a specialized day-care unit and to investigate if patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) differ from those with enteric dysmotility (ED) regarding clinical features, self-reported functional status, health-related quality of life (HRQL), and sense of coherence (SOC). Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records for 125 and 54 patients with CIP or ED (paper I-II). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Abdominal adhesions - clinical impact and experimental prevention

    Författare :Bobby Tingstedt; Lund Kirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; anastomotic healing; adhesion prevention; polypeptides; long term follow-up; cost; non-specific abdominal pain; abdominal adhesions; small bowel obstruction; ortopedi; traumatologi; Kirurgi; traumatology; burst pressure;

    Sammanfattning : Intraabdominal adhesions are formed after most operations and a limited number of studies have to examine the long-term spectrum of adhesion-related disorders and the cost associated with this. Only a few numbers of antiadhesive agents are available which, however, do not decrease the actual morbidity that follows intraabdominal adhesions, such as small bowel obstruction, infertility and pain. LÄS MER