Sökning: "insulin signalling"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 109 avhandlingar innehållade orden insulin signalling.

  1. 1. Insulin signalling in human adipocytes mechanisms of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes

    Detta är en avhandling från Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin

    Författare :Anna Danielsson; Peter Strålfors; Fredrik Nyström; Lena Stensson; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adipocytes; type 2 diabetes; insulin; insulin resistance; insulin signalling; phosphorylation; insulin receptor substrate 1; feedback control; MEDICINE Morphology; cell biology; pathology Cell biology Medical cell biology; MEDICIN Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi Cellbiologi Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Prevalensen av fetma ökar drastiskt i stora delar av världen och utgör en stor riskfaktor för att utveckla insulinresistens och typ 2 diabetes. Fettväven kan bli mycket stor om för mycket energi tas upp av kroppen. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin resistance an experimental study in fat cells

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin

    Författare :Jonas Burén; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; adipocyte; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; insulin signalling; glucose uptake; insulin; glucose; dexamethasone; insulin receptor substrate; protein kinase B; GLUT4; lipoprotein lipase; Folkhälsomedicin; MEDICINE Social medicine Public health medicine research areas; MEDICIN Socialmedicin Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of pancreatic β-cell failure and insulin resistance in target tissues like liver, muscle and fat. Insulin resistance is characterised by an impaired effect of insulin to reduce hepatic glucose production and to promote glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Membrane rafts and its GPI anchored complement inhibitors regulate insulin secretion

    Detta är en avhandling från Islet patophysiology, Clinical Sciences, Malmö

    Författare :Vini Nagaraj; [2015]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Membrane rafts; basal insulin secretion; regulated insulin secretion; CD59; CD55; SNARE proteins; insulin; pancreatic beta cells.;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetic patients usually exhibit an abnormal lipid profile. One such lipid that is constantly elevated in T2D is cholesterol. At the cellular level, cholesterol aids in tight packing of sphingolipids in certain regions of the plasma membrane and these specialized regions are termed ‘membrane rafts’, which act as signalling hubs. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Insulin Signalling and Regulation of Protein Kinase B in Adipocytes

    Detta är en avhandling från Olga Göransson

    Författare :Olga Göransson; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi; secreting systems; Endocrinology; PDK1; PKB; diabetes; insulin; adipocyte;

    Sammanfattning : Insulin resistance is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, an increasingly common disorder. The cause of insulin resistance is supposedly failures in the processes used by insulin to signal to the interior of its target cells. These failing steps are still unknown, most probably because of incomplete knowledge of how the insulin signals are transmitted. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mathematical Modelling of Insulin Signalling : Effects on Glucose Metabolism in Skeletal Muscle

    Detta är en avhandling från Karolinska Institutet

    Författare :Peter Sögård; [2010]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Naturvetenskap; Natural sciences;

    Sammanfattning : The use of models to understand complex phenomena is indispensable to the scientific community. The advantage of a model is that it simplifies the phenomena under study. However, a model should be only as complex as required, no more, no less. LÄS MER