Sökning: "inhibitory neurons"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 140 avhandlingar innehållade orden inhibitory neurons.

  1. 1. Zinc-enriched neurons in the spinal cord, cerebellum and peripheral sympathetic system

    Författare :Zhan-You Wang; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :autometallography; axonal transport; confocal laser scanning microscopy; immuno-electron microscopy; immunofluorescence; inhibitory neurons; sympathetic neurons; synaptic vesicles; zinc ions; zinc transporter;

    Sammanfattning : Zinc ions are abundant in the nervous system and are involved in many biological functions. Most zinc is tightly bound to macromolecules, whereas a small fraction of zinc exists in synaptic vesicles of the zinc-enriched (ZEN) neurons, and can be visualized using various histochemical techniques, including autometallography (AMG). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Generation of Retinal Neurons : Focus on the Proliferation and Differentiation of the Horizontal Cells and their Subtypes

    Författare :Henrik Boije; Finn Hallböök; Paul Layer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; FoxN4; Ptf1a; PH3; G2-phase; Cell cycle arrest; Differentiation; Fate; Commitment; Neurogenesis; Follistatin; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : We have used the chicken retina as a model for investigating cell cycle regulation and cell fate commitment during central nervous system development. This thesis focuses on the characterization of and commitment to the horizontal cell fate in the retina. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Targeting and driving somatosensory neurons

    Författare :Fabio Freitag; Malin C. Lagerström; Andrew Todd; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pain; Itch; GRPR interneurons; dorsal horn; trigeminal nucleus caudalis; Barrel field;

    Sammanfattning : Pain and itch are two distinct sensations, but the fundamental question of how our nervous system distinguishes the processing and encoding of their related information is still far to be clearly delineated. At the spinal cord level, evidences have pointed out specific groups of neurons expressing the gastrin releasing peptide (Grp) and its receptor (Grpr) as responsible for carrying specifically itch-related information. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Chloride Homeostasis in Central Neurons

    Författare :Tushar Yelhekar; Staffan Johansson; Michael Druzin; Merab Kokaia; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chloride concentration; current-voltage relation; interpolation; voltage ramp; reversal potential; [Cl–]i recovery; KCC2; extracellular matrix; GABAA receptor; chloride leak conductance; neurosteroid; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of the present thesis is to clarify the control of intracellular chloride homeostasis in central neurons, because of the critical role of chloride ions (Cl–) for neuronal function. Normal function of the central nervous system (CNS) depends on a delicate balance between neuronal excitation and inhibition. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dendritic and axonal ion channels supporting neuronal integration : From pyramidal neurons to peripheral nociceptors

    Författare :Marcus Petersson; Erik Fransén; Theodore Cummins; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ion channels; computational modeling; simulations; dendrites; axons; TRP; hippocampus; C-fiber nociceptors; pain;

    Sammanfattning : The nervous system, including the brain, is a complex network with billions of complex neurons. Ion channels mediate the electrical signals that neurons use to integrate input and produce appropriate output, and could thus be thought of as key instruments in the neuronal orchestra. LÄS MER