Sökning: "inference rule"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 19 avhandlingar innehållade orden inference rule.

  1. 1. First-Order Logic and Classical Theism : Toward Logical Reorientation

    Författare :Anders Kraal; Eberhard Herrmann; Mikael Stenmark; Simo Knuuttila; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; classical theism; divine simplicity; divine attributes; God; Augustine; Thomas Aquinas; first-order logic; formalization; argument-function analysis; quantifier analysis; bivalence; natural deduction; truth-bearer; inference; inference rule; logical validity; logical pluralism; logical monism; G. Frege; B. Russell; L. Wittgenstein; R. Carnap; J. Maritain; J. Salamucha; J. Bocheński; W.V.O. Quine.; Religion Theology; Religionsvetenskap Teologi;

    Sammanfattning : This inquiry seeks an answer to the question whether classical theistic doctrines about the nature of God are amenable to formal analysis in terms of standard first-order logic. It is argued that due to the conceptual impact of classical theism’s doctrine of divine simplicity there is a good reason for answering this question in the negative. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Role of High-Level Reasoning and Rule-Based Representations in the Inverse Base-Rate Effect

    Författare :Pia Wennerholm; Koen Lamberts; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; inverse base-rate effect; rationality; human knowledge representations; exemplar-based models of categorization; eliminative inference; inference rules; rapid attention shifts; associations; Psykologi; Psychology; Psykologi; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The inverse base-rate effect is the observation that on certain occasions people classify new objects as belonging to rare base-rate categories rather than common ones (e.g., D. L. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Information Integration in Perception and Cognition : Exploring the Perception-Cognition Gap

    Författare :Elina Stengård; Ronald van den Berg; Adam Sanborn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Perception; Cognition; Information integration; Judgment; Computational modeling; Bayesian inference; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Much research in both perceptual inference and cognitive inference has focused on how well human performance fares against what is considered the most optimal or rational thing to do. The verdict, however, differs between the fields. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Spike-Based Bayesian-Hebbian Learning in Cortical and Subcortical Microcircuits

    Författare :Philip Tully; Anders Lansner; Matthias Hennig; Gordon Pipa; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Bayes rule; synaptic plasticity and memory modeling; intrinsic excitability; naïve Bayes classifier; spiking neural networks; Hebbian learning; neuromorphic engineering; reinforcement learning; temporal sequence learning; attractor network; Datalogi; Computer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Cortical and subcortical microcircuits are continuously modified throughout life. Despite ongoing changes these networks stubbornly maintain their functions, which persist although destabilizing synaptic and nonsynaptic mechanisms should ostensibly propel them towards runaway excitation or quiescence. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Delving in the Dark : Searching for Signatures of Non-Standard Physics in Cosmological and Astrophysical Observables

    Författare :Janina J. Renk; Joakim Edsjö; Pat Scott; Felix Kahlhöfer; David F. Mota; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cosmology; gravitation; Galileon; dark energy; dark matter; cosmic superstrings; neutrino mass; parameter inference; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The dark sectors of our Universe, dark matter and dark energy, together constitute about 96 % of the total energy content of the Universe. To date, we only have observational evidence for their existence. LÄS MER