Sökning: "infection reactivation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade orden infection reactivation.

  1. 1. Dynamics of tuberculosis infection in Sweden

    Författare :Niclas Winqvist; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tuberculosis; latent tuberculosis infection; long-term follow-up; Øresund region; interferon-gamma release assay; tuberculin skin test;

    Sammanfattning : Sweden provides a special setting for epidemiological and demographic studies of tuberculosis (TB) infection over time for principally two reasons; first, the Swedish TB epidemic has undergone a tremendous transition since the end of the 19th century, when TB was highly endemic, to the current situation with practically interrupted indigenous transmission since several decades. Second, an increasing proportion of persons who grew up before TB transmission virtually disappeared in the 1960s are reaching advanced age, and thus creating conditions that predispose to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Role of birds in the biology of Lyme disease Borrelia

    Författare :Åsa Gylfe; Klaus Kurtenbach; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lyme disease; birds; Borrelia; I. uriae; infection reactivation; stress; bipolar distribution; transequatorial transport;

    Sammanfattning : Lyme disease is a tick-transmitted illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), a group of spirochetes with at least three human pathogenic species, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. LÄS MER

  3. 3. CMV-infection in gay men with AIDS

    Författare :Sven Grützmeier; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Before the era of combination therapy (c-ART) more than 90 % of the patients with HIV-infection died of one or more opportunistic infections (OI). We and others noted early on that CMV was an important pathogen in these patients. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Aetiology and infection susceptibility in neutropaenic patients

    Författare :Michelle Wong; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Increasingly intensive antineoplastic regimes have been effective in the treatment for haematological malignancies, but as effective as it is in limiting neoplasm of the malignant cells, bystander damage occurs equally to cells of the immune system and epithelial cells of the mucosa. Infectious complications following chemotherapy reflect this situation. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Herpesvirus Infection and Immunity in Neurocognitive Disorders

    Författare :Gabriel Westman; Britt-Marie Eriksson; Martin Ingelsson; Olle Korsgren; Jan Ernerudh; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alzheimer s disease; Herpes simplex encephalitis; Herpesvirus; Cytomegalovirus; CMV; HSV-1; HHV-6; CD8 T-cells; Cellular immunity; Immunosenescence; Autoimmunity; NMDA receptor; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Herpesviruses have co-speciated with several vertebrate and invertebrate animals throughout the history of evolution. In the immunocompetent human host, primary infection is usually benign, whereafter the virus is brought into life-long latency. LÄS MER