Sökning: "induced neurons"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 423 avhandlingar innehållade orden induced neurons.

  1. 1. Functional and Transcriptional Studies of Human Dopaminergic Neurons

    Författare :Marcella Birtele; Utvecklings- och regenerativ neurobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dopaminergic Neurons; Cell reprogramming; Cell therapy; Induced neurons; In vitro reprogramming; In vivo reprogramming;

    Sammanfattning : Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is the most common movement disorder and second most common neurodegenerative disease. The principal hallmark of the pathology is represented by a loss of mesencephalic Dopaminergic neurons (mesDA) that reside in the Substantia Nigra pars compacta (SNpc). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Direct Conversion of Human Fibroblasts to Induced Neurons

    Författare :Ulrich Pfisterer; Utvecklings- och regenerativ neurobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cellular Reprogramming; Direct Conversion; Human Induced Neurons; Dopaminergic; Cell Replacement Therapy; Lentiviral Vectors;

    Sammanfattning : During direct cellular reprogramming, forced expression of key transcription factors (TFs) directly converts one terminally differentiated cell type into that of another fate, exemplified in this theses by the conversion of fibroblasts into functional induced neurons (iNs). Direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to functional neurons was established in 2010, and the starting point of my doctoral thesis was the aim to transfer iN-technology to human cells and to explore the potential of this technique in regards to generate subtype-specific neurons as well as to use these cells for transplantation studies. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On dopamine neurons : nerve fiber outgrowth and L-DOPA effects

    Författare :Sara af Bjerkén; Ingrid Strömberg; Kathy Steece-Collier; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; dopamine; nerve fiber outgrowth; astrocytes; ventral mesencephalon; GDNF; L-DOPA; L-DOPA induced dyskinesia; Neurobiology; Neurobiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Parkinson’s disease is a disorder mainly characterized by progressive degeneration of dopamine producing neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. The most commonly used treatment strategy is to pharmacologically restore the lost function by the administration of the dopaminergic precursor L-DOPA. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Generation of Dopaminergic Neurons from Human Embryonic Stem Cells

    Författare :Tandis Vazin; Joakim Lundeberg; Ernest Arenas; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Human; dopaminergic; embryonic stem cells; differentiation; stromal cells; PA6 cells; dopamine; neurons; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap; Neurobiology; Neurobiologi; Molecular neurobiology; Molekylär neurobiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Since the first successful derivation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC), rapid progress has been attained in the development of strategies in differentiation of these cells into various neural lineages, with the fundamental objective of using these cells for replacement and repair of damaged neuronal circuits in the central nervous system (CNS). Of particular interest are midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons, which play a central role in regulation of voluntary movement. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Generation of induced neurons via direct conversion in vivo and in vitro

    Författare :Olof Torper; Neurobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cellular reprogramming; cell replacement therapies; induced dopaminergic neurons; in vivo reprogramming; Lentiviral vectors; AAV vectors;

    Sammanfattning : Cellular reprogramming is when one cell is changed into another. This involves structural modifications on the DNA of a cell resulting in a transcriptional change. This occurs naturally during development when early pluripotent cells gradually differentiate into more specialized cells that finally result in a complete organism. LÄS MER