Sökning: "in-vitro testing"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 160 avhandlingar innehållade orden in-vitro testing.

  1. 1. Evaluation of a Miniaturized Rotating Disk Apparatus for In Vitro Dissolution Rate Measurements in Aqueous Media : Correlation of In Vitro Dissolution Rate with Apparent Solubility

    Författare :Anita M. Persson; Curt Pettersson; Anders Sokolowski; Anders Karlsson; Alex Avdeef; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; analytical methods; HPLC high-performance liquid chromatography ; miniaturization; in vitro dissolution rate; apparent solubility; physicochemical properties; dissolution media; correlation study; chemometrics; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Farmaceutisk kemi; Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Analytisk farmaceutisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The general aim of this thesis was to evaluate a newly designed and constructed miniaturized rotating disk apparatus for in vitro dissolution rate measurements of different drug substances from all of the classes in the Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS). The new equipment is based on a low volume flow-through cell of Plexiglas, a gold plated magnetic bar and a special designed press. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Exploring Cancer Drugs In Vitro and In Vivo : With Special Reference to Chemosensitivity Testing and Early Clinical Development

    Författare :Anne von Heideman; Peter Nygren; Bengt Tholander; Rolf Larsson; Seija Grénman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cytotoxic drug; in vitro assay; drug development; phase I clinical trial; Oncology; Onkologi; Oncology; Onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to investigate the utility of in vitro drug sensitivity testing to optimize the use of cancer chemotherapy and to assess the properties of a new cancer drug in a phase I clinical trial. Tumour cells from patients were analysed with the short-term Fluorometric Microculture Cytotoxicity Assay (FMCA). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chemotherapy in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia : In vitro cellular drug resistance and pharmacokinetics

    Författare :Britt-Marie Frost; Henrik Schröder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obstetrics and gynaecology; cytotoxicity; drug resistance; pharmacokinetics; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; childhood; in vitro assay; vincristine; doxorubicin; Down`s syndrome; CHS 828.; Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar; Obstetrics and women s diseases; Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar; pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of the studies described in this thesis were to investigate the pharmacokinetics of and cellular resistance to chemotherapy as causes of treatment failure in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).Leukemic cells from 370 children with newly diagnosed ALL were tested by the Fluorometric Microculture Cytotoxicity Assay to measure their resistance to each of ten standard cytotoxic drugs. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Metal Particles – Hazard or Risk? Elaboration and Implementation of a Research Strategy from a Surface and Corrosion Perspective

    Författare :Klara Midander; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ferro-chromium alloy; metal particles; bioaccessibility; chemical speciation; dermal contact; surface oxide; in-vitro testing; chemical speciation; cu; copper; comet assay; intracellular; ultrafine; in vitro; A549; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; nanoparticles; particle characterization; artificial sweat; nickel release; nickel powder particles; particle loadings; release kinetics; surface area; copper release; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; simulation of interstitial lung conditions; skin contact; metal release; stainless steel; particles; test method; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Spectroscopy; Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : Do metal particles (including particles of pure metals, alloys, metal oxides and compounds) pose a hazard or risk to human health? In the light of this question, this thesis summarizes results from research conducted on metal particles, and describes the elaboration and implementation of an in vitro test methodology to study metal release from particles through corrosion and dissolution processes in synthetic biological media relevant for human exposure through inhalation/ingestion and dermal contact. Bioaccessible metals are defined as the pool of released metals from particles that potentially could be made available for absorption by humans or other organisms. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing Using In vitro Approaches

    Författare :Helena Högberg; Anna Price; Barbara Cannon; Kevin Crofton; Stockholms universitet; []

    Sammanfattning : There is a great concern about children’s health as the developing brain in foetuses and children is much more vulnerable to injury caused by different classes of chemicals than the adult brain. This vulnerability is partly due to the fact that the adult brain is well protected against chemicals by the blood brain barrier (BBB) and children have increased absorption rates and diminished ability to detoxify many exogenous compounds, in comparison to that of adults. LÄS MER