Sökning: "hypoxia-ischemia"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 27 avhandlingar innehållade ordet hypoxia-ischemia.

  1. 1. Apoptosis-related mechanisms in the immature brain after hypoxia-ischemia

    Författare :Xiaoyang Wang; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hypoxia-ischemia; neonatal; caspase; ERK; XIAP; EPO; asialoEPO; brain;

    Sammanfattning : Aims: To characterize the activation of caspases-3 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the neonatal brain after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury and evaluate the neuroprotective effect of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) protein, erythropoietin (EPO) and the non-erythropoietic derivative asialoEPO. Methods: Seven-day-old rats or 9-day-old mice were subjected to HI. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Aspects of pathological apoptosis in the immature brain after hypoxia-ischemia

    Författare :Ulrika Hallin; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neonatal; rat; brain; hypoxia-ischemia; necrosis; apoptosis; calpain; caspase; Bcl-2; Bax; mitochondria; calcineurin.;

    Sammanfattning : The cause of mechanisms underlying perinatal brain injury is not fully known, but it results in a wide variety of neurological impairments in the affected children. When injured, neurons of the newborn brain are prone to undergo programmed cell death, apoptosis, since this genetic program is normally activated in some cells during development of the nervous system, even in the perinatal period. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Inflammatory response in the immature brainafter hypoxia-ischemia. Application of microarray and transgenic technology

    Författare :Maj Hedtjärn; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hypoxia-ischemia; neonatal; brain; inflammation; cytokine; IL-1; IL-18; microglia; gene; microarray;

    Sammanfattning : Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury remains a common problem encountered during theneonatal period, and it is a major cause of perinatal mortality and long term neurologicalimpairments. After HI, an inflammatory reaction is elicited in the brain, which is believedto contribute to the secondary progression of brain injury. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Apoptotic mechanisms in the neonatal brain following hypoxia-ischemia

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg : University of Gothenburg

    Författare :Ylva Carlsson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hypoxia-ischemia brain caspase-2 cyclophilin D MLK neonatal.;

    Sammanfattning : Neonatal encephalopathy is often perinatally acquired and caused by hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Brain injury develops with a delay, over 12-48 hours, after the insult. Hypothermia, an established neuroprotective treatment, saves 1 infant in 9 from neurological deficits suggesting that there is room for further improvement. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Glutathione in the brain. Studies on efflux and possible implications in neurotoxicity

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg

    Författare :Camilla Wallin; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2000]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Glutathione; excitotoxicity; hypoxia-ischemia; brain; rat; anoxia-aglycemia; g-glutamyl transpeptidase; glutamate; NMDA; oxidative stress; mitochondria; amino acids;

    Sammanfattning : Neuronal cell death in acute insults such as stroke, trauma and epilepsy involves overactivation of glutamate receptors, calcium influx and increased formation of potentially toxic reactive oxygen species. Glutathione is a key component in the antioxidant defense system against reactive oxygen species. LÄS MER