Sökning: "humans"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 2248 avhandlingar innehållade ordet humans.

  1. 1. Ehrlichia in animals and humans

    Författare :Anneli Bjöersdorff; Avdelningen för medicinsk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; seroprevalence; humans; animals; granulocytic; ehrlichiosis; Ehrlichia phagocytophila; tick-borne; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Ehrlichia phagocytophila is a tick-borne pathogen of domestic animals, which has recently been acknowledged also as a human pathogen. It is a strictly intracellular bacterium, infecting granulocytes of the host, sometimes resulting in clinical disease - granulocytic ehrlichiosis - with manifestations ranging from mild flu-like conditions to severe infections with multi-organ failure and death. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Acute Myocardial Infarction: The Relationship between Duration of Ischaemia and Infarct Size in Humans - Assessment by MRI and SPECT

    Författare :Erik Hedström; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiovascular system; Fysiologi; Physiology; humans; cardiac troponin T; creatine kinase isoenzyme MB; delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging; single photon emission computed tomography; myocardial perfusion; myocardial infarct size; myocardium at risk; duration of ischaemia; Kardiovaskulära systemet;

    Sammanfattning : The effect of duration of ischaemia on final infarct size is well established in animal studies, but not fully evaluated in humans. Delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) can be used to distinguish between viable and non-viable myocardium and thus to quantify infarct size. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Regulation of bile acids by prebiotic food components : Studies in rat caecum and in serum of mice and humans

    Författare :Tannaz Ghaffarzadegan; Institutionen för livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Bile acids; Dietary fibre; Fat; Pectin; Guar gum; Barley; Lingonberry; Turmeric; Short-chain fatty acids; Gut microbiota; Caecum; Serum; Rat; Mice; Humans; GC-FID; UHPLC-MS;

    Sammanfattning : Bile acids (BA) are formed from cholesterol in the liver and, apart from being part of fat digestion, they also act as signalling molecules in several health-related physiological processes. BA composition is regulated by gut microbiota as well as dietary fibre (DF) and fat in the diet. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Origins and Adaptation in Humans : A Case Study of Taste and Lifestyle

    Författare :Agnès E. Sjöstrand; Mattias Jakobsson; Evelyne Heyer; Michael G. B. Blum; David Comas; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Evolutionary Genetics; Evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, I use population genetics and statistical approaches to investigate early human demography, infer local adaptation in diverse sets of populations, and study the genetic basis for taste perception.In the first paper, I examine the genomic evidence for a severe bottleneck, which has been suggested based on paleontological and climate studies to coincide with the emergence of anatomically modern humans. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Polyomavirus infections in humans

    Författare :Annika Lundstig; Malmö Klinisk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Polyomaviruses; tumour virology; BK virus; neuroblastoma; maternal infection; Real Time PCR; enzyme immunoassay; seroprevalence; JC virus; SV40; virus like particles VLPs ; seroepidemiology; biobank; mesothelioma tissues; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The human polyomaviruses BKV and JCV are endemic and infect > 70% of population worldwide. Primary infections occur during childhood and are largely subclinical. Following primary infection, both viruses persist as latent infections in the kidneys and B lymphocytes. LÄS MER