Sökning: "human error"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 180 avhandlingar innehållade orden human error.

  1. 1. Studies of safety and critical work situations in nuclear power plants : a human factors perspective

    Författare :Lena Kecklund; Erik Hollnagel; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Safety; nuclear power; operators; work-related factors; performance; human error; annual outage; MTO; Psychology; Psykologi; psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis was to develop and apply different approaches for analyzing safety in critical work situations in real work settings in nuclear power plants, and also to identify safety enhancing measures by using the framework of interaction between human, organizational and technical subsystems (MTO, man-technology-organization). A Cognitive Psychology as well as a Stress Psychology framework was used. LÄS MER

  2. 2. “The technology is great when it works” : Maritime Technology and Human Integration on the Ship’s Bridge

    Författare :Margareta Lützhöft; Sidney Dekker; James M. Nyce; Edwin Hutchins; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; integration; man-machine-interaction; human-machine; Cognitive science; Kognitionsvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Several recent maritime accidents suggest that modern technology sometimes can make it difficult for mariners to navigate safely. A review of the literature also indicates that the technological remedies designed to prevent maritime accidents at times can be ineffective or counterproductive. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Data-driven Methods for Spoken Dialogue Systems : Applications in Language Understanding, Turn-taking, Error Detection, and Knowledge Acquisition

    Författare :Raveesh Meena; Gabriel Skantze; Joakim Gustafson; Helen Hastie; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Language Understanding; Turn-taking; Error Detection; Knowledge Acquisition; Crowdsourcing; semantisk tolkning talspråk; turtagning i dialogsystem; fel och missförstånd; crowdsourcing; dialogsystem; Tal- och musikkommunikation; Speech and Music Communication;

    Sammanfattning : Spoken dialogue systems are application interfaces that enable humans to interact with computers using spoken natural language. A major challenge for these systems is dealing with the ubiquity of variability—in user behavior, in the performance of the various speech and language processing sub-components, and in the dynamics of the task domain. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Functional modelling of the human timing mechanism

    Författare :Guy Madison; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; Brain mechanisms; Brownian motion; drift; dynamical systems; fractal; human; Gaussian noise; Hurst exponent; time; time series analysis; timing; Psykologi; Psychology; Psykologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : Behaviour occurs in time, and precise timing in the range of seconds and fractions of seconds is for most living organisms necessary for successful interaction with the environment. Our ability to time discrete actions and to predict events on the basis of prior events indicates the existence of an internal timing mechanism. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cognitive Workload and the Driver : Understanding the Effects of Cognitive Workload on Driving from a Human Information Processing Perspective

    Författare :Christopher J.D. Patten; Ola Svenson; Håkan Alm; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Cognitive workload; human information processing; driver distraction; human error; performance shaping factors PSF ; intelligent transport systems ITS ; peripheral detection task PDT ; Psychology; Psykologi; psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : This doctoral dissertation in psychology focuses on present day transport research issues. Society is affected by the way that our transport system works. In one way or another, the use of the transport system involves different levels of human involvement and control. LÄS MER