Sökning: "host plant preference"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade orden host plant preference.

  1. 1. Plant polyploidy and interactions with insect herbivores

    Författare :Leena Arvanitis; Johan Ehrlén; Christer Wiklund; John N. Thompson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; diversicifation; herbivory; host plant preference; plant galls; plant-insect interactions; plant polyploidy; selection; spatial variation; trait-fitness relationship; Terrestrial ecology; Terrestisk ekologi; Plant Ecology; växtekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Polyploidization has been suggested to be a common mechanism for plant speciation. Polyploidy is associated with changes in plant traits and altered habitat preference. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Evolutionary and mechanistic aspects of insect host plant preference

    Författare :Alexander Schäpers; Niklas Janz; Steven Heard; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; host plant choice; host range; diet breadth; butterfly; oviposition; specialist; generalist; insect-plant interaction; search behavior; olfaction; decision making; evolution; parasite-host interaction; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Plant feeding insects comprise about 25% of all animal species on earth and play an important role in all ecosystems. Although we understand that their association with plants is a key-factor driving the diversification in this group, we still have large gaps in our knowledge of the underlying processes of this relationship. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Mechanistic aspects of host plant preference in butterflies

    Författare :Alexander Schäpers; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology; etologi; Ethology; zoologi; Zoology;

    Sammanfattning : Searching and locating resources is essential for survival. In herbivorous insects search behavior is conducted on several scales, requiring input and integration of information from different sensory modalities. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Life-history consequenses of host plant choice in the comma butterfly

    Författare :Lina Söderlind; Sören Nylin; Niklas Janz; Charles W. Fox; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nymphalidae; voltinism; larval performance; Hopkins’ Host Selection Principle; GeneFishing; real-time qPCR; Urtica dioica; Salix cinerea; Betula pubescens; Ulmus glabra; Ribes uva-crispa.; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : There is much evidence that herbivory is a key innovation for the tremendous success of insect. In this thesis I have investigated different aspects of host plant utilization and phenotypic plasticity using the polyphagous comma butterfly, Polygonia c-album. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Temperature and the synchrony of plant-insect interactions

    Författare :Tenna Toftegaard; Johan Ehrlén; Karl Gotthard; Christer Wiklund; Annette Menzel; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Brassicaceae; Anthocharis cardamines; climate change; development; oviposition; phenology; species interactions; herbivory; synchrony; timing; phenotypic plasticity; local adaptation; Plant Ecology; växtekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Increasing temperatures resulting from climate change have within recent years been shown to advance phenological events in a large number of species worldwide. Species can differ in their response to increasing temperatures, and understanding the mechanisms that determine the response is therefore of great importance in order to understand and predict how a warming climate can influence both individual species, but also their interactions with each other and the environment. LÄS MER