Sökning: "host microbiota"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 68 avhandlingar innehållade orden host microbiota.

  1. 1. Host-bacteria interactions : Host cell responses and bacterial pathogenesis

    Författare :Nele de Klerk; Ann-Beth Jonsson; Teresa Frisan; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Host-bacteria interaction; Helicobacter pylori; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Lactobacillus; Epithelial cells; Macrophages; EGR1; Amphiregulin; SabA; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach, where it causes gastritis that may develop into peptic ulcer disease or cancer when left untreated. Neisseria gonorrhoeae colonizes the urogenital tract and causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Evolutionary genomics of host-microbe interactions

    Författare :Elin Videvall; MEMEG; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; host; microbiota; avian malaria; ostrich; parasite; dual RNA-seq;

    Sammanfattning : The microbes living inside hosts have highly important consequences for host health and fitness. From the host’s perspective, some microbes exhibit mutualistic tendencies, others parasitic, and some commensal, but this is context-dependent and opportunistic lifestyles are widespread in nature. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Faecal Microbiota Transfer in Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Collagenous Colitis : Clinical outcomes and host-microbe interactions

    Författare :Savanne Holster; Robert Jan Brummer; Julia König; Andreas Munk Petersen; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Faecal microbiota transfer; irritable bowel syndrome; collagenous colitis; gut microbiota; visceral sensitivity; host-microbe interactions; gene expression; metabolites;

    Sammanfattning : Faecal microbiota transfer (FMT) aims at restoring a disturbed gut microbiotaby introducing faecal material from a healthy donor into a patient’s intestine. This approach is known as a safe and effective treatment in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Exploring the microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract

    Författare :Jie Xu; Institutionen för livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Microbiota; Probiotics; Blood pressure; High fat diet; Oat; Green tea; Berry; Fiber; Exopolysaccharides; Ulcerative colitis;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract: Balanced microbiota of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is important for maintaining health of the host. Altered gut microbiota have been found to be associated with various life-style induced and other intestinal inflammatory diseases. Gut microbiota is viewed as a metabolic organ and considered as new target for therapies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bacteria-host cell interactions : Studies on initial colonization, antimicrobial peptides, and biofilms

    Författare :Gabriela Wassing; Ann-Beth Jonsson; Elena Vikström; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neisseria meningitidis; Lactobacillus; host responses; EGR1; antimicrobial peptides; hBD2; A20; biofilm; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : The obligate human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis asymptomatically colonizes the upper respiratory tract, but crossing of the epithelial barrier can cause life-threatening meningitis and/or sepsis. N. LÄS MER