Sökning: "hjärt"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 228 avhandlingar innehållade ordet hjärt.

  1. 1. Non-invasive imaging for improved cardiovascular diagnostics : Shear wave elastography, relative pressure estimation, and tomographic reconstruction

    Författare :David Marlevi; Matilda Larsson; Reidar Winter; Massimiliano Colarieti-Tosti; Kathryn Nightingale; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Medical imaging; Cardiovascular disease; Atherosclerosis; Hemodynamics; Ultrasound; Shear Wave Elastography SWE ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI ; 4D flow MRI; Relative Pressure; Virtual Work-Energy; micro-Computed Tomography micro-CT ; Tomographic reconstruction; Pre-clinical imaging; Medicinsk avbildning; Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar; Ateroskleros; Hemodynamik; Ultraljud; Skjuvvågselastografi SWE ; Magnetresonanstomografi MRI ; 4D flödes-MRI; Tryckfall; Virtuellt flöde; mikro-Datortomografi mikro-CT ; Tomografisk rekonstruktion; Preklinisk avbildning; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Throughout the last century, medical imaging has come to revolutionise the way we diagnose disease, and is today an indispensable part of virtually any clinical practice. In cardiovascular care imaging is extensively utilised, and the development of novel techniques promises refined diagnostic abilities: ultrasound elastography allows for constitutive tissue assessment, 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables full-field flow mapping, and micro-Computed Tomography (CT) permits high-resolution imaging at pre-clinical level. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Craniopharyngioma. Morbidity and Structural Changes in the Brain

    Författare :Sigríður Bára Fjalldal; Lund Medicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; craniopharyngioma; hypothalamus; hypothalamic obesity; metabolism; cognition; magnetic resonance imaging; diffusion tensor imaging; white matter lesions; morbidity; cardiovascular risk; craniofaryngiom; hypotalamus; hypotalamisk fetma; ämnesomsättning; kognition; magnetkameraundersökning; vitsubstansförändringar; dödlighet; hjärt-kärlsjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Hypothalamus (HT) is a brain structure which serves as a coordination center for several vital body functions. Craniopharyngioma (CP) is a pituitary tumor with high morbidity, primarily due to HT lesion. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Calcified carotid artery atheromas in panoramic radiographs : diagnostic reliability and association to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and periodontitis

    Författare :Nils Gustafsson; Eva Levring Jäghagen; Jan Ahlqvist; Ulf Näslund; Per Wester; Annika Ekestubbe; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Panoramic radiographs; cardiovascular disease; carotid artery atheromas; diabetes mellitus; oral health; periodontitis; diagnostic accuracy; myocardial infraction; odontologi; Odontology;

    Sammanfattning : Objective: Incidental findings of Calcified Carotid Artery Atheromas (CCAA) on Panoramic Radiographs (PRs) of the jaws can be a risk marker for cardiovascular disease. The objectives for the thesis were to investigate the association between CCAA and 1) Myocardial Infarction (MI), 2) periodontitis, 3) diabetes and 4) estimated cardiovascular risk. LÄS MER

  4. 4. In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest : A Study of Education in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and its Effects on Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes among Healthcare Professionals and Survival of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients

    Författare :Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt; Mats Enlund; Johan Herlitz; Jerzy Leppert; Eldar Søreide; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; in-hospital; healthcare professionals; education; multiple-choice questions; hjärtstopp; hjärt-lungräddning; sjukhus; sjukvårds¬personal; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigated whether out­come after in-hospital cardiac arrest patients could be improved by a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) educational intervention focusing on all hospital healthcare professionals. Annually in Sweden, approximately 3000 in-hospital patients suffer a cardiac arrest in which CPR is attempted, and which 900 will survive. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mediterranean inspired diet and cardiovascular health. Experimental and clinical studies

    Författare :Anneli Ambring; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiovascular diseases cause the majority of morbidity and mortality in the western countries. Inadjunct, the worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity is a growing problem not onlyamong adults but also among children and adolescents. LÄS MER