Sökning: "hemiacetal"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade ordet hemiacetal.

  1. 1. Lipase catalysed reactions of terpenoids : formation of hemiacetal esters : resolution of cryptone and its transformation to cadinenes

    Författare :Dan Isaksson; Fredrik Almqvist; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; terpenoid; lipase; resolution; hemiacetal; hemiacetal ester; enantioselective; synthesis; cryptone; cadinene; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : During attempted enzyme-catalysed resolution of sterically hindered secondary alcohols, hemiacetals and their esters were unexpectedly detected. Hemiacetal esters are reactive compounds that decompose to alcohol, aldehyde and acid under ordinary work-up conditions i.e. in contact with water, acid, or silica gel. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Biotransformations of Turpentine Constituents : Oxygenation and Esterification

    Författare :Marica Lindmark-Henriksson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :Picea abies; Pinaceae; Essential oils composition; Terpene alcohol; Hemiacetal; Hemiacetal ester; TMP-turpentine; Monoterpene; alpha-pinene; beta-pinene; Limonene; Verbenol; Pinocarveol; Borneol; Myrtenol; Suspension cell culture; Biotransformation; ;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes methods to obtain value–addedcompounds from TMP-turpentine obtained from the spruce, Piceaabies. The methodology focuses on biotransformations using twoapproaches: an oxygenation approach (i.e. oxygenation ofterpene hydrocarbons by cell cultures) and an esterificationapproach (i. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Responsive Molecular Systems through Dynamic Covalent Chemistry

    Författare :Antanas Karalius; Zoltan Szabo; Stefan Matile; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; stimuli-responsiveness; dynamic covalent reactions; systems chemistry; constitutional dynamics; non-equilibrium systems; nitroaldol reaction; dynamers; reversible polymerization; boronate ester; imine ligand; metal coordination; self–assembly; emergent properties; network topology.; stimuli-responsivitet; dynamiska kovalenta reaktioner; systemkemi; konstitutionell dynamik; icke-jämviktssystem; nitroaldolreaktion; dynamerer; reversibel polymerisation; boronester; iminligand; metallkoordination; själv-organisation; emergenta egenskaper; nätverkstopologi.; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Nature tends to inspire research in chemistry. Systems that emerge from molecules interacting via reaction networks is something that life has mastered over the course of evolution in order to produce complexity. Dynamic reactions are key in systems chemistry, where reaction networks give rise to complex, emergent behavior. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Acetals - Exploring reactivity for improved carbohydrate synthesis

    Författare :Markus Ohlin; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : In my research, I have explored various aspects of acetals and their reactivity. Acetals have a central role in carbohydrate chemistry as an inherent functionality and as versatile protecting groups. The first part of the thesis summarizes results on regioselective reductive openings of benzylidene acetals. LÄS MER

  5. 5. CONTROLLED ASSEMBLY AND FUNCTIONALISATION OF CELLULOSE-BASED MATERIALS

    Författare :Johan Erlandsson; Lars Wågberg; Per A. Larsson; Sang-Young Lee; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : The environmental effects caused by the use of fossil-based resources have intensified and driven society and research towards new materials and processes that utilise renewable resources. Within the development of new materials, wood has been identified as a raw-material from which high performing materials can be derived. LÄS MER