Sökning: "heme-copper oxidases"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade orden heme-copper oxidases.

  1. 1. Heme-copper oxidases and nitric oxide : Reaction mechanisms and supercomplex formation

    Författare :Ingrid Albertsson; Pia Ädelroth; Alessandro Giuffrè; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Heme-copper oxidase; nitrite reductase; nitric oxide reductase; nitric oxide; supercomplex; Paracoccus denitrificans; denitrification pathway; proton transfer pathway; C-type oxidase; Helicobacter pylori; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : In the denitrification process where nitrate is stepwise reduced to nitrogen gas, the toxic molecule nitric oxide (NO) is formed as an intermediate. Nitric oxide is produced by the enzyme cd1 Nitrite reductase (cd1NiR) by reduction of nitrite and is later reduced to nitrous oxide by nitric oxide reductase (cNOR). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Experimental studies of proton translocation reactions in biological systems : Electrogenic events in heme-copper oxidases

    Författare :Håkan Lepp; Peter Brzezinski; Thomas Nilsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heme-copper oxidase; cytochrome c oxidase; nitric oxide reductase; cbb3-type oxidase; proton pumping; uncoupling; charge-transfer; electrogenic event; flow-flash; Biophysics; Biofysik; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Terminal heme-copper oxidases (HCuOs) are transmembrane proteins that catalyze the final step in the respiratory chain - the reduction of O2 to H2O, coupled to energy conservation by generation of an electrochemical proton gradient. The most extensively investigated of the HCuOs are the aa3-type oxidases, to which cytochrome c oxidase (CytcO) belongs, which uses energy released in the O2-reduction for proton pumping. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Proton transfer in nitric oxide reducing heme-copper oxidases

    Författare :Joachim Reimann; Pia Ädelroth; Peter Brzezinski; Michael Wilson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heme-copper oxidases; nitric oxide; proton transfer; electron transfer; proton-transfer pathway; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Heme-copper oxidases (HCuOs) are best known as terminal oxidases in the aerobic respiratory chain, in which they catalyze the reduction of oxygen to water. By receiving protons and electrons from opposite sides of the membrane as well as pumping protons, HCuOs contribute to the electrochemical proton gradient over the membrane that can be used for ATP synthesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Kinetics of proton and electron transfer in heme-copper oxidases

    Författare :Peter Lachmann; Pia Ädelroth; Örjan Hansson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Heme-copper oxidase; electron transfer; proton transfer; nitric oxide reductase; ba3 oxidase; flow-flash; laser-flash photolysis; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Heme-copper oxidases are transmembrane proteins that are found in aerobic and anaerobic respiratory chains. During aerobic respiration, these enzymes reduce dioxygen to water. The energy released in the reaction is used to transport protons across a biological membrane. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Synthesis of hemes found in heme-copper oxidases of Bacillus subtilis

    Författare :Mimmi Throne-Holst; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Microbiology; Biologi; Biology; heme biosynthesis; respiratory oxidase; cytochrome; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The last step of aerobic respiration, the reduction of dioxygen to water, is catalysed by terminal oxidases. These oxidases can be divided into two unrelated families, the heme-copper oxidases and the cytochrome bd-type oxidases. These enzymes contain two or more heme molecules as prosthetic groups. LÄS MER