Sökning: "health system"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 4083 avhandlingar innehållade orden health system.

  1. 1. Health and Health Care Utilization among the Unemployed

    Författare :Annika Åhs; Ragnar Westerling; Urban Janlert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Social medicine; Unemployment; self-rated health; mental health; mortality; health care utilization; health promotion; Socialmedicin;

    Sammanfattning : The number of persons who are not employed has increased in Sweden since the early 1990s. Unemployment has been found to influence health, especially when unemployment rates are low. The extent to which unemployment affects health when unemployment is high is less clear, and this needs to be further studied. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on Social Capital, Health and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health A Health Economic Study

    Författare :Kamrul Islam; Socialepidemiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; economic systems; economic theory; Economics; econometrics; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social sciences; epidemiologi; Folkhälsa; epidemiology; Public health; Sweden; Panel data fixed-effect model; Decomposition analysis; Concentration index; Socioeconomic health inequality; Population aging; Survival analysis; Extended Cox model; Multilevel analysis; Unbalanced panel data; Externalities; Crime rates; Election participation rates; Community social capital; Municipality-level social capital; Systematic review; Egalitarianism; Determinants of health; Mortality; Health-related quality of life; Health; Keywords; Social capital; economic policy; Nationalekonomi; ekonometri; ekonomisk teori; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis comprises four independent research papers and a summary that focus on two related dimensions. The first dimension focuses on the understanding of the production of health. Particularly, the question is asked whether community's stock of social capital influence individual's health. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Health workforce development post-1990s health sector reforms : the case of medical doctors in Tanzania

    Författare :Nathanael Sirili; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Isabel Goicolea; Angwara Denis Kiwara; Ottar Mædstad; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; health sector reforms; health workforce; doctors; training; deployment; retention; decentralized health sector; public-private partnership; rural; Tanzania; low- and middle- income countries; Public health; folkhälsa;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Health systems in many low- and middle-income countries suffer from critical shortages and inequitable geographical distribution of the health workforce. Since the 1940s, many low- and middle-income countries have passed through different regimes of health sector reforms; the most recent one was in the 1990s. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Making visible the invisible : Health risks from environmental exposures among socially deprived populations of Nairobi, Kenya

    Författare :Thaddaeus Wandera Egondi; Joacim Rocklöv; Nawi Ng; Remare Ettarh; Patrick Kinney; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; air pollution; urban health; temperature-related mortality; particulate matter; exposure assessment; child health; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Most countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are experiencing a high rate of ur­banization accompanied with unplanned development resulting into sprawl of slums. The weath­er patterns and air pollution sources in most urban areas are changing with significant effects on health. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Health systems bottlenecks and evidence-based district health planning : Experiences from the district health system in Uganda

    Författare :Dorcus Kiwanuka Henriksson; Stefan Swartling Peterson; Mio Fredriksson; Peter Waiswa; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; District; health systems; decentralization; evidence; planning; bottleneck analysis; governance; decision space; health information systems; maternal and newborn care; child survival; Uganda; International Health; Internationell hälsa;

    Sammanfattning : In low-income countries where maternal and child mortality remains high, there is limited use of context-specific evidence for decision making and prioritization of interventions in the planning process at the sub-national level, such as the district level. Knowledge on the utility of tools and interventions to promote use of district-specific evidence in the planning process is limited, yet it could contribute to the prioritization of high-impact interventions for women and children. LÄS MER